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King Henry II (1133-1189), Reigned 1154-89

Sitter associated with 20 portraits
The first of the House of Plantagenet to rule England. The grandson of Henry I through his daughter Matilda, Henry invaded England in 1153 and under pressure from public opinion and the death of his heir King Stephen was forced to name Henry as his successor. He was crowned Henry II in 1154 and after years of civil war and unstable government he was quick to restore order with the aid of his talented chancellor Thomas Beckett. Domestic rivalries between Henry's four sons proved more difficult to combat. Their wrangling - culminating in a great rebellion against their father in 1173 - is said to have hounded Henry to a premature death.

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King Henry II

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, 1590s-1620
On display in Room 1 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4980(4)


Called King Henry II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, originally published 1618
NPG D9381


Called King Henry II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638
NPG D9380


King Stephen; King Henry II (fictitious portraits)

probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22801


King Henry II

published by Sir Robert Peake, probably after William Faithorne
etching, early 1640s
NPG D21017


King Henry II

after Unknown artist
line engraving
NPG D42453


King Henry II

by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, possibly early 18th century
NPG D23628


King Henry II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D23629


King Henry II

after Unknown artist
etching, 18th century
NPG D42449


King Henry II

by Unknown artist
etching, early 18th century
NPG D20195


The Sovereigns of England, part 1

by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D34141


King Henry II

by George Vertue
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D23630


King Henry II

by George Vertue
line engraving, engraved 1734
NPG D20021


King Henry II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1745
NPG D23627


King Henry II and Thomas Becket

by Joseph Strutt, after Unknown artist
etching, late 18th century
NPG D42450


King Henry II

by L. How, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1789
NPG D9379


King Henry II

by Charles Alfred Stothard
coloured lithograph, published 1818 (1816)
NPG D9382


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