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King Henry III

(1207-1272), Reigned 1216-72

Sitter associated with 34 portraits
Henry was only nine years old when his father John I died and his minority accentuated ongoing nationwide rebellion. After his accession to the throne in 1234, Henry's favouritism and arrogance prompted his barons to insist on a series of major reforms, the Provisions of Oxford (1258), which created a permanent Privy Council to advise the king and ensured regular Parliaments. Civil War ensued as the settlement broke down and Henry was briefly deposed. In his final years, when relative peace had been restored, he began the construction of Westminster Abbey as it stands today.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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King Henry III, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  William Torel - NPG 341

King Henry III

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after William Torel
electrotype, 1873 (circa 1291)
On display in Medieval stairs: North Stairs at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 341

King Henry III, possibly by William Faithorne - NPG D23661

King Henry III

possibly by William Faithorne
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23661

King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23670

King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23670

King Henry III, by Unknown artist - NPG D23668

King Henry III

by Unknown artist
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23668

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by  Compton Holland - NPG D23657

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by Compton Holland
line engraving, published 1628
NPG D23657

Called King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by  Compton Holland - NPG D19058

Called King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by Compton Holland
line engraving, published 1628
NPG D19058

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23658

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638 or 1662 (Engraved 1618)
NPG D23658

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23664

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638 or 1662 (Engraved 1618)
NPG D23664

King Henry III, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D33882

King Henry III

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, published 1638 or 1662 (Engraved 1618)
NPG D33882

King Henry III; King Edward I (fictitious portraits), probably by William Faithorne, published by  Sir Robert Peake - NPG D22803

King Henry III; King Edward I (fictitious portraits)

probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22803

King Henry III, possibly by William Faithorne - NPG D33884

King Henry III

possibly by William Faithorne
line engraving, early 1640s
NPG D33884

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23656

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1649
NPG D23656

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D33885

Fictitious portrait of King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1649
NPG D33885

King Henry III's tomb in Westminster Abbey, after Unknown artist - NPG D33886

King Henry III's tomb in Westminster Abbey

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1677
NPG D33886

Queen Eleanor and King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23653

Queen Eleanor and King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, perhaps 18th century
NPG D23653

King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23655

King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, perhaps 18th century
NPG D23655

King Henry III, after Unknown artist - NPG D23659

King Henry III

after Unknown artist
line engraving, perhaps 18th century
NPG D23659

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