Search the Collection

William Henry (1774-1836), Chemist

Sitter in 4 portraits
Henry began to study medicine at Edinburgh University in 1795, taking his doctor's degree in 1807, but ill health interrupted his practice as a physician, and he devoted his time mainly to chemical research, especially with regard to gases. He played an important part in the intellectual life of Manchester, his home town, and particularly in the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, which his father had helped to found. His Elements of Experimental Chemistry (1799) enjoyed considerable vogue in its day, running to eleven editions. In 1808, Henry was awarded the Copley medal by the Royal Society for his research on the solubility of gases, and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1809.

List Thumbnail


Men of Science Living in 1807-8

by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
NPG 1075


Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8'

by George Zobel, and William Walker
engraving, 1862
NPG 1075a


William Henry

by Henry Cousins, published by Thomas Agnew, after James Lonsdale
mezzotint, published January 1838 (circa 1836)
NPG D35698