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Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

(1705-1774), Whig statesman

Sitter in 13 portraits
Fox entered Parliament in 1735. He was a devoted supporter of Sir Robert Walpole, but this loyalty backfired on him after Walpole's fall in 1742. He served as surveyor-general of works, Lord of the Treasury and Secretary at War before becoming Leader of the House of Commons in 1755. In 1757, during the war with France, Fox became Paymaster to the Forces. He accumulated a vast fortune by speculating with the huge balances of public money that passed through his hands. Although this was legal, he was afterwards sued for the profits and described as 'the public defaulter of unaccounted millions'. He did not receive the Earldom on which he had set his heart, but was made a Baron in 1763.

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Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 2075

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, based on a work of circa 1762
NPG 2075

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, by James Macardell, after  Jean Etienne Liotard - NPG D37785

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

by James Macardell, after Jean Etienne Liotard
mezzotint, (1754)
NPG D37785

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, by James Macardell, after  Jean Etienne Liotard - NPG D18740

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

by James Macardell, after Jean Etienne Liotard
mezzotint, (1754)
NPG D18740

'The Times', Plate 1, by William Hogarth - NPG D21366

'The Times', Plate 1

by William Hogarth
etching and engraving, published 1762
NPG D21366

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, by James Macardell, after  Allan Ramsay - NPG D35914

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

by James Macardell, after Allan Ramsay
mezzotint, 1762
NPG D35914

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, by James Macardell, after  Allan Ramsay - NPG D35915

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

by James Macardell, after Allan Ramsay
mezzotint, 1762
NPG D35915

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, by Stephen Henry Gimber, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D35916

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

by Stephen Henry Gimber, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (circa 1762)
NPG D35916

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, by James Macardell, after  Allan Ramsay - NPG D37787

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

by James Macardell, after Allan Ramsay
mezzotint, 1762
NPG D37787

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, by Joseph Haynes, after  William Hogarth - NPG D15100

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

by Joseph Haynes, after William Hogarth
etching, published 19 March 1782
NPG D15100

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, published by Silvester Harding, published by  Peter Brown, after  Jean Etienne Liotard - NPG D3261

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

published by Silvester Harding, published by Peter Brown, after Jean Etienne Liotard
stipple engraving, published 24 November 1798
NPG D3261

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, published by Silvester Harding, published by  Peter Brown, after  Jean Etienne Liotard - NPG D3262

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

published by Silvester Harding, published by Peter Brown, after Jean Etienne Liotard
stipple engraving, published 24 November 1798
NPG D3262

'Two pair of portraits', by James Gillray, published by  John Wright - NPG D12669

'Two pair of portraits'

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 1 December 1798
NPG D12669

'

'"Two pair of portraits"'

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
etching and engraving, published 1 December 1798
NPG D13687

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