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Edward Charles Howard (1774-1816), Scientist and sugar refiner

Sitter in 3 portraits
A notable chemist of the early nineteenth century, Howard made original discoveries in three widely different fields of chemical research. In 1800, he discovered the highly explosive fulminates, an achievement that gained him the coveted Copley Medal of the Royal Society. He next demonstrated the characteristic nickel content of meteorites, thus helping to establish their cosmic origin. Over the next few years he contributed significantly to the revolution in sugar manufacturing by his invention of the vacuum evaporation technique and other fundamental improvements.

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Men of Science Living in 1807-8

by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
NPG 1075


Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8'

by George Zobel, and William Walker
engraving, 1862
NPG 1075a