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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), Known as 'The Old Pretender'; son of James II

Sitter associated with 60 portraits
The only son of James II and Mary of Modena, he was raised in exile in France after his father was deposed in 1688 in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. Known as the 'Old Pretender', he became the focus of Jacobite resistance and mounted several unsuccessful campaigns to reclaim the throne in 1706, 1708 and finally in 1715 when he landed at Peterhead in Scotland. He married the Polish Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska in 1719 and spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome, where he drank himself to death.

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348

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

studio of Alexis Simon Belle
oil on canvas, circa 1712
On display in Room 11 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 348

273

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
oil on copper, (circa 1712)
NPG 273

4535

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by or after Francesco Ponzone
pen and ink, circa 1741
NPG 4535

D32651

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32651

D34714

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D34714

D34720

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1688-1689
NPG D34720

D10697

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D10697

D7935

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, (1688)
NPG D7935

D11540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D11540

D32654

Possibly Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1690s
NPG D32654

D32756

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 1690s?
NPG D32756

D34719

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gaspar Bouttats, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1690s
NPG D34719

D34722

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

by Jacob Gole, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1690s
NPG D34722

D32655

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D32655

D31380

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière
line engraving, 1692
NPG D31380