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King John (1167-1216), Reigned 1199-1216

Sitter associated with 28 portraits
Famous as the king who granted the Magna Carta in 1215, John was the youngest and favourite son of Henry II. He succeeded his brother Richard I (the Lionheart) as king in 1199 and his reputation has always suffered in comparison. Known as 'Lackland' or 'Softsword', he lost control of crown territory in Northern France in 1205 after a lengthy war. John's defeat and the high taxes raised to support the campaign sparked a rebellion amongst his barons at home. Civil unrest continued until John's death in 1216.

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4980(5)

King John

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, circa 1620
NPG 4980(5)

D33888

'Kyng John offering hys Crowne to Pandulphus, Legate'

after Unknown artist
woodcut, published 1563 or after
NPG D33888

D23645

King John

possibly by William Faithorne
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23645

D23644

King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23644

D23647

King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23647

D23649

King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23649

D33928

King John

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D33928

D22802

King Richard I ('the Lionheart'); King John (fictitious portraits)

probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22802

D33929

King John

probably by or after William Faithorne
etching, (early 1640s)
NPG D33929

D33930

King John's tomb in Worcester Cathedral

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1677
NPG D33930

D23646

King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, probably 18th century
NPG D23646

D23650

The Great Seal of King John

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D23650

D23651

King John

by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Edward Lutterell or Luttrell
line engraving, 1706
NPG D23651

D34141

The Sovereigns of England, part 1

by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D34141

D42452

King John

by John Carwitham, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D42452

D23642

King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D23642

D19190

King John

by John Faber Jr
mezzotint, circa 1731
NPG D19190

D42230

King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1733
NPG D42230