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William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts

Sitter associated with 63 portraits
Petty, who was styled Viscount Fitzmaurice, entered the Army after university and served in the Seven Years' War. In 1760, he was promoted colonel and appointed aide-de-camp to King George III. That year he was elected to Parliament for the borough of Chipping Wycombe. Before he could take his seat, his father died and he entered the House of Lords. He served in senior offices including First Lord of Trade and Home Secretary. In 1782 he was appointed Prime Minister on the death of Lord Rockingham. The Whigs refused to serve under him and combined with Lord North to defeat him the following year. In 1784, he was created Marquess of Lansdowne, after which he retired from politics.

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L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

D3536

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1764)
NPG D3536

D9553

'Date obolum Belisario' (Isaac Barré; William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne))

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 24 August 1782
NPG D9553

D9562

'Paradise lost'

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 17 July 1782
NPG D9562

D9822

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 14 May 1782
NPG D9822

D12302

'Aside he turn'd for envy, yet with jealous leer malign, eyd them askance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 December 1782
NPG D12302

D12304

'Banco to the knave'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 April 1782
NPG D12304

D12310

'Gloria Mundi, or - the Devil addressing the sun'

by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 July 1782
NPG D12310

D12311

'The Jubilee'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 2 August 1782
NPG D12311

D12315

'Jove in his chair'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 11 September 1782
NPG D12315

D12323

'Malagrida and conspirators, consulting the ghost of Oliver Cromwell'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published June 1782
NPG D12323

D12324

'Guy Vaux'

by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published circa June 1782
NPG D12324

D12986

'The kettle hooting the porridge-pot' (William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne); Charles James Fox)

by James Gillray, published by P.J. Leatherhead
hand-coloured etching, published 23 July 1782
NPG D12986

D16764

'Paradise lost'

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 17 July 1782
NPG D16764

D12233

'Razor's levée, or ye heads of a new Whig ad...........n on a broad bottom'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 21 April 1783
NPG D12233

D12343

'Banditti'

by John Boyne, published by Edward Hedges
etching, published 22 December 1783
NPG D12343