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Leopold I, King of the Belgians

(1790-1865), Reigned 1831-65; husband of Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; uncle of Queen Victoria

Sitter in 22 portraits
Leopold joined the Russian army in 1805. In 1816, he married Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales, heiress to the British throne. The following year she gave birth to a stillborn son and she herself died. After Belgium asserted its independence from the Netherlands in 1830, the Belgian National Congress asked Leopold to become king of the newly formed country and became King in 1831. In 1840 Leopold arranged the marriage of his niece Queen Victoria, the daughter of his sister Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, to his nephew Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, son of his brother Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Leopold acted as an advisor to his niece for many years.

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Leopold I, King of the Belgians, by Unknown artist - NPG 2422

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Unknown artist
watercolour on ivory laid down on card, 1815
NPG 2422

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Leopold I, King of the Belgians, by William Thomas Fry, after  George Dawe - NPG 1530

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by William Thomas Fry, after George Dawe
coloured engraving, (1817)
NPG 1530

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Leopold I, King of the Belgians, published by J. Booth, after  Unknown artist - NPG D33525

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Leopold I, King of the Belgians

published by J. Booth, after Unknown artist
stipple and line engraving, published 15 December 1817
NPG D33525

Leopold I, King of the Belgians, by Henry Edward Dawe, after  George Dawe - NPG D45791

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Henry Edward Dawe, after George Dawe
mezzotint, circa 1817
NPG D45791

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Leopold I, King of the Belgians, by William Thomas Fry, published by and after  George Dawe - NPG D33526

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by William Thomas Fry, published by and after George Dawe
stipple engraving, published 6 April 1818 (1817)
NPG D33526

'Marriage of the Princess Charlotte of Wales to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg', by Robert Hicks, published by  Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon, after  William Marshall Craig - NPG D16053

'Marriage of the Princess Charlotte of Wales to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg'

by Robert Hicks, published by Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon, after William Marshall Craig
stipple and line engraving, published April 1818
NPG D16053

Leopold I, King of the Belgians, by Henry Meyer, published by  Rudolph Ackermann, after  Alfred Edward Chalon - NPG D22136

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Henry Meyer, published by Rudolph Ackermann, after Alfred Edward Chalon
stipple engraving, published 10 March 1818
NPG D22136

Leopold I, King of the Belgians, by Frederick Christian Lewis Sr, published by  Colnaghi & Co, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D36127

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Frederick Christian Lewis Sr, published by Colnaghi & Co, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
stipple engraving and etching, published 1 October 1820
NPG D36127

Raw Head and Bloody Bones, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D41001

Raw Head and Bloody Bones

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 1 June 1830
NPG D41001

San Leopoldo Matamoros or The Princess Charlotte's Own, charging the Holy Alliance, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D41002

San Leopoldo Matamoros or The Princess Charlotte's Own, charging the Holy Alliance

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 3 June 1830
NPG D41002

The Magic Mirror or a Peep into Futurity, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D41003

The Magic Mirror or a Peep into Futurity

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 8 June 1830
NPG D41003

Leopold I, King of the Belgians, by James Thomson (Thompson), published by  Fisher Son & Co, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D16050

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by James Thomson (Thompson), published by Fisher Son & Co, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
stipple and line engraving, published 1831
NPG D16050

Hunt the Slipper, or 'Cherche Qui Peut', by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by  Meifred, Lemercier & Co, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D41118

Hunt the Slipper, or 'Cherche Qui Peut'

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Meifred, Lemercier & Co, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 6 March 1832
NPG D41118

Web image not currently available

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Ghémar Frères
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s-1870s
NPG Ax38443

Web image not currently available

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Ghémar Frères
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s-1870s
NPG Ax68047

Web image not currently available

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Frederick Christian Lewis Sr, after Sir George Hayter
stipple engraving with some hand-colouring, circa 1816-1817
NPG D8124

Web image not currently available

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Henry Meyer, published by Rudolph Ackermann, after Alfred Edward Chalon
stipple engraving, published 1 May 1816
NPG D19139

Web image not currently available

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

by Thomas Hodgetts, after George Dawe
mezzotint, (1817)
NPG D8123

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