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Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh) (1769-1822), Statesman

Sitter associated with 41 portraits
Usually known by his courtesy title 'Lord Castlereagh', Stewart entered Parliament in 1795. He first made his mark under Pitt as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1798-1801) when he crushed the Irish uprising and oversaw the Act of Union (1801). While Foreign Secretary (1812-22) he was responsible for uniting the powers that overthrew Napoleonand became the chief architect of the Treaty of Vienna, 1815. He played a key role in redrawing the boundaries of Europe and promoting diplomacy by conference whilst maintaining British prestige as a world power. Sensitive and melacholy, he committed suicide while in office.

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891

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, 1809-1810
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 891

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

687

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
marble bust, 1822
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 687

D13113

'Posting to the election, - a scene on the road to Brentford, Novr 1806'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 December 1806
NPG D13113

D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

D12896

'British tars, towing the Danish fleet into harbour'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 October 1807
NPG D12896

D12905

'Delicious dreams! - Castles in the air! - Glorious prospects!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 April 1808
NPG D12905

D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

D12917

'Pandora opening her box'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 February 1809
NPG D12917

D12921

'Overthrow of the Republican-Babel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 May 1809
NPG D12921

D12922

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1809
NPG D12922

D37412

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by and published by Charles Turner, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 20 September 1814 (1809-1810)
NPG D37412