Search the Collections

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (1731-1791), Historian and political polemicist

Sitter in 17 portraits
The political writer and historian Catharine Macaulay was one of the leading political activists of the age. Her eight-volume History of England (1763-1783), which promoted a radical agenda, was widely admired by all critics whatever their politics, including Horace Walpole and Pitt the Elder. Published at the time that England's American colonies began to struggle for independence, Both Macaulay and her History became rallying points for supporters of England's American colonies' campaign for independence. Following the completion of the work, Macaulay visited America and met with George Washington in 1785.

List Thumbnail

1357

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Robert Edge Pine
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1774
NPG 1357

5856

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Robert Edge Pine
oil on canvas, circa 1775
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5856

4905

Portraits in the Characters of the Muses in the Temple of Apollo

by Richard Samuel
oil on canvas, exhibited 1779
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4905

D20464

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by François Hubert, after Bonnieu
line engraving, after 1760
NPG D20464

D3648

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Jonathan Spilsbury, published by John Spilsbury, after Katharine Read
mezzotint, published September 1764
NPG D3648

D5655

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Jonathan Spilsbury, published by John Spilsbury, after Katharine Read
mezzotint, published September 1764
NPG D5655

D13745

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Jonathan Spilsbury, after Katharine Read
mezzotint, published 1764
NPG D13745

D15235

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Jonathan Spilsbury, after Katharine Read
mezzotint, published September 1764
NPG D15235

D31912

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by James Basire, after Giovanni Battista Cipriani
line engraving, published 1765
NPG D31912

D17066

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by James Basire, after Giovanni Battista Cipriani
line engraving, published 1767
NPG D17066

D5168

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Marais le Jeune
stipple engraving, late 18th-early 19th century
NPG D5168

D18086

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by James Caldwall, after Robert Edge Pine
line engraving, (circa 1775)
NPG D18086

D32138

The Political Platonic Lovers (Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge); Thomas Wilson)

published by Archibald Hamilton Jr
line engraving, published 10 January 1777
NPG D32138

D32139

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

after John Francis Moore
line engraving, 1777 or after
NPG D32139

D20102

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Jonathan Spilsbury, published by John Spilsbury, after Katharine Read
mezzotint, published September 1764
NPG D20102