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William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield (1705-1793), Judge

Sitter in 15 portraits
Lord Chief Justice, 1756-88; architect of modern commercial law and marine insurance. Known for his eloquence, he was a firm opponent of Chatham and upheld the absolute dominion of Great Britain over the colonies. In a pioneering judgement in 1772, he held that English Law did not recognise the state of slavery. His tolerance towards Roman Catholics led the mob to burn his town house during the Gordon Riots of 1780.

List Thumbnail

474

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by Jean Baptiste van Loo
oil on canvas, circa 1737
NPG 474

L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
NPG L146

172

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, exhibited 1783
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 172

D38209

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by and published by David Martin
line engraving, published 1 March 1775 (1770)
NPG D38209

D12283

'John Bull triumphant'

by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 4 January 1780
NPG D12283

D12284

'Argus'

by James Gillray, published by W. Renegal
hand-coloured etching, published 15 May 1780
NPG D12284

D12305

'Britania's assassination. Or the Repulicans amusement'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1782
NPG D12305

D12332

'A warm birth for the old administration'

by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 2 April 1783
NPG D12332

D32121

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by Thomas Macklin, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 19 October 1786 (1785)
NPG D32121

D17510

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by Henry Bone, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 1803 (1776)
NPG D17510

D38207

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield ('A Monumental Group')

by James Godby, printed by Hayward, published by Longman & Co, published by Josiah Taylor, published by William Bond, after Robert William Satchwell, after John Flaxman
stipple engraving, published 20 January 1812
NPG D38207

D38208

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by Henry Meyer, published by T. Cadell & W. Davies, after John Jackson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 27 June 1812 (1785)
NPG D38208

D15339

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by Henry Meyer, published by T. Cadell & W. Davies, after John Jackson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 27 June 1812 (1785)
NPG D15339

D15340

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by Unknown artist
etching, published September 1770
NPG D15340

D15338

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by John Jones, after William Grimaldi
stipple engraving, published 1791
NPG D15338

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