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Mary of Modena (1658-1718), Queen of James II
Sitter associated with 55 portraits
Roman Catholic Queen of James II and only daughter of Alfonso IV, Duke of Modena, Mary intended to enter a convent until her marriage with James (1673). She then dedicated herself to the conversion of England, but her support of her husband's pro-Catholic policies made her unpopular. The fear of a Catholic succession to the throne, caused by the birth of their son James Francis Edward in 1688, led to the invitation of William of Orange to England.
by Henry Hering
albumen carte-de-visite photomontage, 1862
by Samuel Moore
line engraving, circa 1685