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Sir Theodore Turquet de Mayerne (1573-1655), Physician and chemist
Sitter in 9 portraits
Probably the most famous and admired physician in Europe in his lifetime, Mayerne worked in Paris before his appointment as principal physician to James I in 1611. His patients included members of the royal family and most of the court. He was knighted in 1624 and his appointment was renewed by Charles I. A practising experimental chemist and friend of artists, he wrote an important manuscript describing the media and techniques of contemporary artists. His most significant medical legacy was a huge quantity of detailed diagnostic notes.