Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742-1811), Statesman
Sitter associated with 80 portraits
Henry Dundas was an important ally of Prime Minister William Pitt and a leading power-broker in Scotland. In 1784, he helped to pass Pitt's India Act, removing political power from the East India Company. As Home Secretary between 1791 and 1794, Melville delayed the abolition of slavery by amending Wilberforce's bill to make abolition 'gradual'. He was appointed Secretary of War in 1794 and organised the successful Egyptian campaign of 1801. His career came to an end in 1804, when he was impeached for financial mismanagement. He was narrowly acquitted but never held another ministerial position.
by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, circa 1725-1750
by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 21 April 1783
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 21 January 1783
by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching, published 1787?
by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 March 1787
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 4 June 1788