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Ludwig Mond (1839-1909), Chemist and art collector
Sitter in 3 portraits
Chemist, industrialist and art collector; born in Kassel, Germany, Mond moved to Britain in 1867 and became one of the foremost industrial chemists of his period. He developed the mass production of alkali for the textile industry and, later, ammonia, 'Mond gas' and nickel. He spent part of his large fortune on a collection of early Italian art which he bequeathed to the National Gallery.