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John Newman (1801-1890), Cardinal and theologian
John Henry Newman
Sitter in 37 portraits
Leading figure in the Oxford Movement with John Keble and Edward Bouverie Pusey. He converted to Catholicism, and was ordained as a Catholic priest in 1847. Newman's autobiography Apologia pro vita sua (1864) is a classic example of the spiritual autobiography, an account of personal faith and spiritual development. Written in defence of his controversial conversion to Catholicism, the Apologia appeared in seven weekly pamphlets. Newman, who became a Cardinal in 1879, hoped his autobiography would convince the protestant public that his conversion was sincere. Cardinal Newman was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI in September 2010.