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James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

(1665-1745), Soldier and Jacobite

Sitter in 28 portraits
A Tory statesman holding important military office and political positions during the reigns of William and Mary and Queen Anne, Ormond was a key figure in helping the exiled Jacobite court achieve their restoration at Queen Anne's death. On his accession, George I effectively banned the Tory party from government. Having lost his position, Ormond joined with several senior Tories to plot the overthrow of the Hanoverians. Accused of supporting the Jacobite uprising of 1715, he was impeached for high treason and fled to France forfeiting his titles and estates. Appointed Captain-General by James Francis Edward Stuart, the 'Old Pretender', he led unsuccessful Spanish attempts to invade England in 1719 and 1722.

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James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by or after Michael Dahl - NPG 78

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by or after Michael Dahl
oil on canvas, 1713
On display in Room 11 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 78

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D3778

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint
NPG D3778

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D3779

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint
NPG D3779

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by and published by Pieter Schenck, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D31397

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by and published by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1700-1718
NPG D31397

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D31398

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, early 18th century
NPG D31398

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, after Michael Dahl - NPG D31400

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

after Michael Dahl
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D31400

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by and published by Pieter Schenck, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D5729

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by and published by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1700-1718
NPG D5729

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by and published by John Faber Sr, after  Unknown artist - NPG D19546

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by and published by John Faber Sr, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1700-1721
NPG D19546

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D11566

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1701 (circa 1700)
NPG D11566

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D31399

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1702
NPG D31399

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D5727

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1702
NPG D5727

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D11565

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1702
NPG D11565

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by John Faber Sr - NPG D4486

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by John Faber Sr
mezzotint, circa 1707-1719
NPG D4486

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by John Faber Sr, after  Unknown artist - NPG D5728

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by John Faber Sr, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1707-1719
NPG D5728

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by Simon Gribelin, after  Michael Dahl - NPG D31402

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by Simon Gribelin, after Michael Dahl
line engraving, 1713
NPG D31402

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by Simon Gribelin, after  Michael Dahl - NPG D39380

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by Simon Gribelin, after Michael Dahl
line engraving, 1713
NPG D39380

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by Simon Gribelin, after  Michael Dahl - NPG D17854

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by Simon Gribelin, after Michael Dahl
line engraving, 1713
NPG D17854

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by Simon Gribelin, after  Michael Dahl - NPG D17855

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by Simon Gribelin, after Michael Dahl
line engraving, 1713
NPG D17855

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by John Simon, after  Michael Dahl - NPG D3776

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by John Simon, after Michael Dahl
mezzotint, (1714)
NPG D3776

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, by Peter Pelham, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D3777

James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde

by Peter Pelham, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1725-1750
NPG D3777

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