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King Richard II (1367-1400), Reigned 1377-99

Sitter associated with 32 portraits
The second son of Edward, Prince of Wales and Joan, Countess of Kent. Richard succeeded to the throne, aged ten, under the regency of his uncle John of Gaunt, on 22 June 1377 following the death of his grandfather, Edward III. He was criticised for misusing royal patronage and between 1386 and 1389 parliament gave government control to a group of noblemen. In 1397 the king took revenge, charging many noblemen with treason. In June 1399 Gaunt's son Henry Bolingbroke, whom Richard had previously exiled, invaded England. He claimed the throne as Henry IV on 30 September. Richard died in captivity on 14 February 1400. His reign became the subject of Shakespeare's play The Tragedy of King Richard the Second.

List Thumbnail

330

King Richard II

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Nicholas Broker, and Godfrey Prest
electrotype, 1873 (circa 1395-1397)
NPG 330

565

King Richard II

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, 16th century
NPG 565

4980(8)

King Richard II

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, 1590s-1620
On display in Room 1 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4980(8)

D23718

King Richard II

probably by William Faithorne
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23718

D23715

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23715

D9386

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1618
NPG D9386

D23717

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1638
NPG D23717

D9387

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1638 (1618)
NPG D9387

D9391

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1638 (1618)
NPG D9391

D9392

The Wilton Diptych (King Richard II)

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1639
NPG D9392

D17881

The Wilton Diptych (King Richard II)

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1639
NPG D17881

D17882

The Wilton Diptych (relates to Richard II)

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1639
NPG D17882

D22805

King Richard II

probably by William Faithorne
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22805

D23720

King Richard II

by Hall
line engraving, probably 18th century
NPG D23720

D23719

King Richard II

by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, 1706
NPG D23719

D23713

King Richard II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1718
NPG D23713

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