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Sir John Ross (1777-1856), Rear-Admiral and Arctic explorer
Sitter in 7 portraits
Ross became an Arctic explorer after distinguished naval service in the Napoleonic Wars. In 1818, he made his first voyage in search of the Northwest Passage to China. Deciding the route was blocked by mountains, Ross's reputation suffered when it was later shown that the mountains were an optical illusion. Ross rebounded by attracting funding, from the gin distiller Felix Booth, to command the first steam ship into the Arctic on another voyage to locate the Northwest Passage (1829-33).