Sir Ronald Ross (1857-1932), Discoverer of the mosquito cycle in malaria
Sitter in 12 portraits
Physician and discoverer of the malaria parasite. Born in Nepal, Ross studied medicine at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London and entered the Indian medical service in 1881. The death toll from malaria amongst military personnel serving in India, West Africa or the Caribbean outnumbered deaths in military action. By 1898 Ross had worked out the life cycle of the malaria parasite. He returned to England in 1899 to lecture at the newly founded Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and was knighted in 1911. From 1926 he directed the Ross Institute in London. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1902. Ross was also a poet of some distinction.