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Prince Rupert, Count Palatine

(1619-1682), Soldier and patron of science; son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia and Elizabeth of Bohemia

Sitter associated with 45 portraits
Artist associated with 1 portrait
The third son of Frederick V and Elizabeth, the exiled King and Queen of Bohemia, Rupert was a nephew of Charles I. A keen experimental scientist, he submitted a wide range of research including a water pump, navigational instruments, gunpowder, an early machine gun and a perspective aid for artists. He was also one of the earliest mezzotint printmakers in England, and a notable tennis player. Having gained extensive military experience on the continent, he proved to be one of the most skillful and inspiring Royalist commanders in the Civil War, and he became a successful naval commander against the Dutch after the Restoration. He was made an honorary Founder Fellow of the Royal Society in 1664.

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Head of Executioner, after Prince Rupert, Count Palatine - NPG D4995

Head of Executioner

after Prince Rupert, Count Palatine
mezzotint, 18th century
NPG D4995

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