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William Sancroft (1617-1693), Archbishop of Canterbury

Sitter in 29 portraits
As Dean of St Paul's Cathedral he contributed to the rebuilding after the Great Fire of London in 1666. He was made Archbishop of Canterbury in 1677. Anti-Catholic, he crowned King James II, the last Catholic monarch, in 1685. In 1688 he was one of the seven bishops who signed a petition asking James to reconsider his policy of religious tolerance to Catholics. All were sent to the Tower. Later that year seven members of the House of Lords asked William, Prince of Orange to overthrow his father-in-law James. Agreeing with the removal of James, Sancroft refused to swear allegiance to William and Mary when they acceded to the throne in 1689 and in 1690 he was deprived of his post.

List Thumbnail

636

William Sancroft

by David Loggan
line engraving, 1680
NPG 636

301

William Sancroft

by Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
chalk, circa 1688
NPG 301

D30874

Monument dedicated to William Sancroft

by Frederick Hendrik van Hove, after Unknown artist
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D30874

D30877

William Sancroft

by Michael Vandergucht, after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell), after Robert White
line engraving, late 17th century to early 18th century
NPG D30877

D30878

William Sancroft

by William Elder, after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D30878

D30881

William Sancroft

by Robert White, after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D30881

D30879

William Sancroft

by David Loggan
line engraving, published 1680
NPG D30879

D30897

The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688

possibly published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D30897

D30898

The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688

possibly published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D30898

D30899

The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688

by Simon Gribelin, sold by Thomas Jefferys, sold by William Herbert
line engraving, (circa 1688)
NPG D30899

D9284

The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688

possibly published by John Smith, by Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D9284

D9285

The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688

published by R. Palmer, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, (circa 1688)
NPG D9285

D9286

The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688

by Pieter Schenck, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1688 or after
NPG D9286

D35487

William Sancroft

after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, (circa 1688)
NPG D35487

D11942

The Seven Bishops Committed to the Tower in 1688

possibly published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D11942

D20996

William Sancroft

by Robert White, after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, circa 1688
NPG D20996