Search the Collection

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

(1718-1792), First Lord of the Admiralty

Sitter associated with 25 portraits
First Lord of the Admiralty, 1748-51, 1763, 1771-82. Instituted reforms in naval dockyards with Anson, but was later blamed for the rundown at the time of the American War of Independence. Known as 'Jemmy Twitcher' for his part in the prosecution of his friend Wilkes. The Sandwich Islands were named after him. However, his most lasting contribution to British culture is his invention of the now-familiar snack - the sandwich.

List Thumbnail

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, by Joseph Highmore - NPG 1977

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

by Joseph Highmore
oil on canvas, 1740
On display in the Drawing Room at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 1977

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, by George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquess Townshend - NPG 4855(23)

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

by George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquess Townshend
pen and ink, 1751-1758
NPG 4855(23)

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, after Johann Joseph Zoffany - NPG 182

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

after Johann Joseph Zoffany
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (circa 1764)
NPG 182

The Death of the Earl of Chatham, by John Singleton Copley - NPG L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

'Sir Francis Dashwood worshipping Venus', by William Platt, after  William Hogarth - NPG D37234

'Sir Francis Dashwood worshipping Venus'

by William Platt, after William Hogarth
line engraving, late 18th century
NPG D37234

'Sir Francis Dashwood worshipping Venus', by William Platt, after  William Hogarth - NPG D37235

'Sir Francis Dashwood worshipping Venus'

by William Platt, after William Hogarth
line engraving, late 18th century
NPG D37235

Martha Ray; John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, after Unknown artists - NPG D16795

Martha Ray; John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

after Unknown artists
line engraving, published 1769
NPG D16795

Possibly John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich ('The Holy Order of St Almac'), published by Matthew or Matthias Darly - NPG D16796

Possibly John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich ('The Holy Order of St Almac')

published by Matthew or Matthias Darly
etching, published 20 February 1773
NPG D16796

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, by Valentine Green, after  Johann Joseph Zoffany - NPG D4160

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

by Valentine Green, after Johann Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, published 1774
NPG D4160

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, by and published by Robert Stewart - NPG D4170

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

by and published by Robert Stewart
mezzotint, published 16 September 1779
NPG D4170

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, by James Sayers, published by  Charles Bretherton - NPG D5900

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 3 July 1782
NPG D5900

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, by James Sayers, published by  Charles Bretherton - NPG D9937

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 3 July 1782
NPG D9937

'Banco to the knave', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12304

'Banco to the knave'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 April 1782
NPG D12304

'Rodney triumphant - or - Admiral Lee Shore in the dumps', by James Gillray, published by  Elizabeth d'Achery - NPG D12321

'Rodney triumphant - or - Admiral Lee Shore in the dumps'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 31 May 1782
NPG D12321

'A warm birth for the old administration', by James Gillray, published by  William Humphrey - NPG D12332

'A warm birth for the old administration'

by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 2 April 1783
NPG D12332

'Concerto coalitionale', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D12238

'Concerto coalitionale'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 7 June 1785
NPG D12238

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788, by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13065

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 4 June 1788
NPG D13065

'The comet', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D12251

'The comet'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching and aquatint, published 18 February 1789
NPG D12251

'The Regency twelfth cake not cut up', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D12252

'The Regency twelfth cake not cut up'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching and aquatint, published 19 February 1789
NPG D12252

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters), by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  John Singleton Copley - NPG D18117

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters)

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after John Singleton Copley
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D18117

Tell us moreback to top

Can you tell us more about this person? Spotted an error, information that is missing (a sitter’s life dates, occupation or family relationships, or a date of portrait for example) or do you know anything that we don't know? If you have information to share please complete the form below.

If you require information from us, please use our Archive enquiry service. If you wish to license an image, please use our Rights and Images service.

Please note that we cannot provide valuations.

We digitise over 8,000 portraits a year and we cannot guarantee being able to digitise images that are not already scheduled.

What can you tell us?close

There are occasions when we are unsure of the identity of a sitter or artist, their life dates, occupation or have not recorded their family relationships. Sometimes we have not recorded the date of a portrait. Do you have specialist knowledge or a particular interest about any aspect of the portrait or sitter or artist that you can share with us? We would welcome any information that adds to and enhances our information and understanding about a particular portrait, sitter or artist.

Citationclose

How do you know this? Please could you let us know your source of information.

* Permission to publish (Privacy information)
Privacy Informationclose

The National Portrait Gallery will NOT use your information to contact you or store for any other purpose than to investigate or display your contribution. By ticking permission to publish you are indicating your agreement for your contribution to be shown on this collection item page. Please note your email address will not be displayed on the page nor will it be used for any marketing material or promotion of any kind.

Please ensure your comments are relevant and appropriate. Your contributions must be polite and with no intention of causing trouble. All contributions are moderated.

Your nameclose

If you tick permission to publish your name will appear above your contribution on our website.

Your Emailclose

Contributions are moderated. We'll need your email address so that we can follow up on the information provided and contact you to let you know when your contribution has been published.