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Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

(1630-1714), Mother of George I; granddaughter of James I

Sitter in 11 portraits
Granddaughter of James I and youngest child of Elizabeth of Bohemia, Sophia was brought up at Leiden before moving to her mother's court at The Hague in 1641. She was tutored in mathematics, law, theology, history and six languages. Her prolific correspondence, written in both French and German, provides a detailed account of court life. In 1658 she married Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover, and she eventually became the mother of seven children. As the nearest Protestant claimant to the British throne after Queen Anne, her eldest son became George I.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, by William Faithorne Jr - NPG D9137

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by William Faithorne Jr
mezzotint, probably late 17th century
NPG D9137

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, by William Faithorne Jr, after  Unknown artist - NPG D31373

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by William Faithorne Jr, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, probably late 17th century
NPG D31373

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, by William Faithorne Jr, after  Unknown artist - NPG D31374

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by William Faithorne Jr, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, probably late 17th century
NPG D31374

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, by John Smith, possibly after  Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann - NPG D9136

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by John Smith, possibly after Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann
mezzotint, 1706
NPG D9136

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, by and published by John Smith, possibly after  Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann - NPG D31375

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by and published by John Smith, possibly after Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann
mezzotint, 1706
NPG D31375

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, by and published by John Smith, possibly after  Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann - NPG D11632

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by and published by John Smith, possibly after Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann
mezzotint, 1706
NPG D11632

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, by and published by John Smith, possibly after  Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann - NPG D11929

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by and published by John Smith, possibly after Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann
mezzotint, 1706
NPG D11929

Web image not currently available

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by John Smith, possibly after Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann
mezzotint, 1706
NPG D10551

Web image not currently available

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

by John Smith, possibly after Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann
mezzotint, 1706
NPG D10552

Image currently unavailable owing to copyright restrictions

Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover

printed by Historisches Museum Hannover, after Johann Schweizer, after Wallerant Vaillant
reproduction of a line engraving, circa 1980
NPG D42168

Media

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