Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover (1630-1714), Mother of George I; granddaughter of James I
Sitter in 11 portraits
Granddaughter of James I and youngest child of Elizabeth of Bohemia, Sophia was brought up at Leiden before moving to her mother's court at The Hague in 1641. She was tutored in mathematics, law, theology, history and six languages. Her prolific correspondence, written in both French and German, provides a detailed account of court life. In 1658 she married Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover, and she eventually became the mother of seven children. As the nearest Protestant claimant to the British throne after Queen Anne, her eldest son became George I.