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Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), Philosopher, social theorist and sociologist

Sitter in 21 portraits
Philosopher; formed system of philosophy based on doctrine of evolution; wrote First Principles, 1862, and The Principles of Biology, 1864; member of 'x' club with Huxley and Tyndall; also published on psychology, education, sociology, and ethics; argued for freedom of the individual and limitation of the state.

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1358

Herbert Spencer

by John Bagnold Burgess
oil on canvas, 1872
On display in the Library at Bodelwyddan Castle
NPG 1358

2601

Herbert Spencer

by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.')
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 26 April 1879
NPG 2601

3609

Herbert Spencer

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1880s-1900s
NPG 3609

1359

Herbert Spencer

by Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm, 1st Bt
marble bust, circa 1884
On display in Room 27 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1359

P513

Herbert Spencer

by Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet print, 1890
NPG P513

4092

Herbert Spencer

by John McLure Hamilton
oil on canvas, circa 1895
NPG 4092

P514

Herbert Spencer

by Unknown photographer
albumen cabinet print, circa 1898
NPG P514

Ax18203

Herbert Spencer

by John Watkins
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG Ax18203

x17937

Herbert Spencer

by John Watkins
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x17937

Ax5412

Herbert Spencer

by Herbert Rose Barraud, published by Richard Bentley & Son
carbon print, published 1888
NPG Ax5412

x17938

Herbert Spencer

by Herbert Rose Barraud
albumen cabinet card, circa 1888
NPG x17938

x17941

Herbert Spencer

by Herbert Rose Barraud, published by Richard Bentley & Son
carbon print, published 1888
NPG x17941

x127482

Herbert Spencer

by Elliott & Fry
chlorobromide print on cream card mount, 1890
NPG x127482

x17942

Herbert Spencer

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
albumen cabinet card
NPG x17942

x17939

Herbert Spencer

by Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet card
NPG x17939

x9488

Herbert Spencer

by Elliott & Fry
albumen print
NPG x9488

x17940

Herbert Spencer

by Mayall & Co
print
NPG x17940

x9480

Herbert Spencer

by Unknown photographer
albumen print
NPG x9480

D42025

Herbert Spencer

by Frederick Hollyer, after Alice Grant
photograph, (1898)
NPG D42025