Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), Philosopher, social theorist and sociologist
Sitter in 21 portraits
Philosopher; formed system of philosophy based on doctrine of evolution; wrote First Principles, 1862, and The Principles of Biology, 1864; member of 'x' club with Huxley and Tyndall; also published on psychology, education, sociology, and ethics; argued for freedom of the individual and limitation of the state.
published by Hughes & Edmonds
albumen print, published 1876