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Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

(1753-1816), Scientist and politician; MP for Wycombe

Sitter associated with 46 portraits
Politician, scientist and leading member of the reforming London Revolution Society 1788-91. Stanhope laid out the Society's principles, which asserted that all civil and political authority derived from the people, that the abuse of power justified resistance and that trial by jury, freedom of the press and freedom of elections should always be held sacred. He was satirised in popular prints as 'Citizen Stanhope' because of his democratic principles but the society, though shortlived, was influential in framing Britain's reaction to the French Revolution.

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The Death of the Earl of Chatham, by John Singleton Copley - NPG L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

Men of Science Living in 1807-8, by Sir John Gilbert, and  Frederick John Skill, and  William Walker, and  Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds) - NPG 1075

Men of Science Living in 1807-8

by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
NPG 1075

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8', by George Zobel, and  William Walker - NPG 1075a

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8'

by George Zobel, and William Walker
engraving, 1862
NPG 1075a

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, by Thomas Watson, published by  Walter Shropshire, after  Antoine Daniel Prud'homme - NPG D32257

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

by Thomas Watson, published by Walter Shropshire, after Antoine Daniel Prud'homme
mezzotint, published 1 November 1775
NPG D32257

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, by Thomas Watson, after  Antoine Daniel Prud'homme - NPG D9146

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

by Thomas Watson, after Antoine Daniel Prud'homme
mezzotint, published 1775
NPG D9146

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, by James Sayers, published by  Charles Bretherton - NPG D9950

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 17 June 1782
NPG D9950

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D6871

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1786
NPG D6871

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D9951

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1786
NPG D9951

'The repeal of the test act a vision', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D12254

'The repeal of the test act a vision'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 16 February 1790
NPG D12254

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters), by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  John Singleton Copley - NPG D18117

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters)

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after John Singleton Copley
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D18117

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13081

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 June 1793
NPG D13081

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('Anacharsis Cloots'), by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9954

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('Anacharsis Cloots')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D9954

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12257

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 17 March 1794
NPG D12257

'The noble sans-culotte', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12487

'The noble sans-culotte'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 3 May 1794
NPG D12487

'The eruption of the mountain, - or - the horrors of the 'Bocca del Inferno', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12490

'The eruption of the mountain, - or - the horrors of the 'Bocca del Inferno'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 25 July 1794
NPG D12490

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('The St.....e a Republican gunboat'), by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9953

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('The St.....e a Republican gunboat')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 14 April 1795
NPG D9953

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12260

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 14 April 1795
NPG D12260

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