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John Thurloe (1616-1668), Secretary of State

Sitter associated with 18 portraits
Thurloe was Secretary of State during Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate. His voluminous correspondence provides one of the chief historical sources for the Cromwellian era. In 1652, Thurloe was appointed Secretary to Cromwell's Council of State. Soon afterwards he became head of a vast intelligence service that operated throughout Europe, gathering information about Royalist plots to overthrow Cromwell's government. He played a key role in the succession of Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector in 1658, and was dismissed from office on the Restoration of the monarchy. Arrested for high treason, his life was spared in exchange for providing Charles II with important government documents.

List Thumbnail

1033

John Thurloe

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, perhaps 18th century (1650s)
NPG 1033

4248

John Thurloe

by John Bulfinch, after Unknown artist
watercolour, (1650s)
NPG 4248

D28921

John Thurloe

after Samuel Cooper
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D28921

D28918

John Thurloe

by Jacobus Houbraken, after Samuel Cooper, published by John & Paul Knapton
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D28918

D28919

John Thurloe

by George Vertue, probably after William Dobson
line engraving, 1741
NPG D28919

D19506

John Thurloe

by George Vertue, probably after William Dobson
engraving, 1741
NPG D19506

D28920

John Thurloe

by Thomas Chambers (Chambars)
line engraving, late 18th century
NPG D28920

D4381

John Thurloe

by Robert Dunkarton, after William Dobson
mezzotint, published 1813
NPG D4381

D28917

John Thurloe

by Robert Cooper
stipple engraving, 1814
NPG D28917

D40321

John Thurloe

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Samuel Cooper
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D40321

D40322

John Thurloe

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Samuel Cooper
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D40322

D42891

John Thurloe

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Samuel Cooper
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D42891

D40323

John Thurloe

by George Vertue, probably after William Dobson
line engraving, 1741
NPG D40323

D19647

John Thurloe

by George Vertue, probably after William Dobson
engraving, 1741
NPG D19647

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