Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958), Composer
Sitter in 31 portraits
Born in Gloucestershire, he studied with Parry at the Royal College of Music, with Brüch in Berlin and Ravel in Paris. He edited The English Hymnal (1906). He was a leading figure, with Holst, in the folk-song revival in Britain from 1903. Teacher of Composition at the Royal College of Music (1919-39), he established a native school of music based on choral and ballad traditions. His nine symphonies include A Sea Symphony(1903-9) based on poems by Walt Whitman, the Pastoral Symphony (1922), and the Sinfonia Antarctica (1952), which grew out of his music for the film Scott of the Antarctic (1948).