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James Watt

(1736-1819), Engineer

Sitter in 17 portraits
A mechanical engineer who trained as a mathematical instrument-maker, James Watt invented the condensing steam-engine in 1765. He took Matthew Boulton as his partner in 1775, and developed an improved version of this engine which revolutionised industry and immortalised Watt's name, inaccurately but effectively, as the 'inventor of the steam-engine'.

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James Watt, by Carl Fredrik von Breda - NPG 186a

James Watt

by Carl Fredrik von Breda
oil on canvas, 1792
On display in Room 13 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 186a

James Watt, by Henry Howard - NPG 663

James Watt

by Henry Howard
oil on bevelled mahogany panel, circa 1797
NPG 663

James Watt, by Peter Rouw - NPG 183

James Watt

by Peter Rouw
wax medallion, 1802
On display in Room 13 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 183

James Watt, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(191)

James Watt

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, circa 1814
NPG 316a(191)

Men of Science Living in 1807-8, by Sir John Gilbert, and  Frederick John Skill, and  William Walker, and  Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds) - NPG 1075

Men of Science Living in 1807-8

by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
NPG 1075

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8', by George Zobel, and  William Walker - NPG 1075a

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8'

by George Zobel, and William Walker
engraving, 1862
NPG 1075a

James Watt, by Alexander Wilson, after  Unknown sculptor - NPG Ax138002

James Watt

by Alexander Wilson, after Unknown sculptor
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG Ax138002

James Watt, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Carl Fredrik von Breda - NPG D4696

James Watt

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Carl Fredrik von Breda
mezzotint, published 1796
NPG D4696

James Watt, by Henry Bone, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D17511

James Watt

by Henry Bone, after Sir William Beechey
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 8 May 1803 (exhibited 1802)
NPG D17511

James Watt, by Charles Picart, published by  T. Cadell & W. Davies, after  William Evans, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D37897

James Watt

by Charles Picart, published by T. Cadell & W. Davies, after William Evans, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 1809
NPG D37897

James Watt, by Charles Picart, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D8374

James Watt

by Charles Picart, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 1809
NPG D8374

James Watt, by Charles Turner, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D18005

James Watt

by Charles Turner, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 1815
NPG D18005

James Watt, by J. Pass, after  Auguste Hervieu - NPG D4697

James Watt

by J. Pass, after Auguste Hervieu
line engraving, 1828
NPG D4697

James Watt, by J. Pass, after  Auguste Hervieu - NPG D4698

James Watt

by J. Pass, after Auguste Hervieu
line engraving, 1828
NPG D4698

Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey; James Watt (on reverse), by William Wyon, after  William Bain, and after  Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG D2912

Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey; James Watt (on reverse)

by William Wyon, after William Bain, and after Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
bronze medal, 1843
NPG D2912

James Watt, published by Photographische Gesellschaft, after  Carl Fredrik von Breda - NPG D37898

James Watt

published by Photographische Gesellschaft, after Carl Fredrik von Breda
photogravure, circa 1910 (1792)
NPG D37898

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