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Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt (1768-1843), Lord Mayor of London

Sitter associated with 36 portraits
Served as Lord Mayor of London from 1815 to 1817 and was a Whig MP from 1817 to 1843. At the age of fourteen he was apprenticed to his uncle, a chemist and druggist in Exeter. He moved to London in 1790 where he continued in this line of trade. In 1802, he patented a colouring matter for beer and went into business with a hop merchant. As Mayor of London Wood took a lead in many city improvements, and gained popularity for the way in which he promoted resistance to repressive government measures and for his campaign against the London underworld. He laid the foundation of a new debtors' prison in Whitecross Street, and encouraged the construction of the new London Bridge and formation of the Post Office.

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1481

Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt

by Arthur William Devis
oil on canvas, 1815-1816
NPG 1481

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

D11315

Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt

by William Say, after Arthur William Devis
mezzotint, (1815-1816)
NPG D11315

D37015

Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt

by William Say, published by Josiah Boydell, after Arthur William Devis
mezzotint, published 1 January 1817 (1815-1816)
NPG D37015

D4902

'Absolute wisdom, or Queen's owl. Taken from a wood' (Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt)

by and published by Richard Dighton
hand-coloured etching, circa 1817-1825
NPG D4902

D13399

'Absolute wisdom, or Queen's owl. Taken from a wood' (Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt)

by and published by Richard Dighton
hand-coloured etching, circa 1817-1825
NPG D13399

D13489

'Absolute wisdom, or Queen's owl. Taken from a wood' (Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt)

by and published by Richard Dighton
hand-coloured etching, circa 1817-1825
NPG D13489

D8794

Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt ('A view in the Justice Room, Guildhall')

by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by Thomas McLean
hand-coloured etching, published 1819 (1824)
NPG D8794

D13318

Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt ('A view in the Justice Room, Guildhall')

by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by Thomas McLean
hand-coloured etching, published 1819
NPG D13318

D17911

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published December 1820
NPG D17911

D17928

The Time Piece! & Cunning Jack o' both sides

possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published June 1820
NPG D17928

D17930

Mother Wood, the Popular Procuress-! (Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt)

by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 24 June 1820
NPG D17930

D10847

A Wooden Substitute, or Any Port in a Storm

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
coloured etching, published 19 January 1821
NPG D10847

D8094

The Man of the Woods & the Cat-o'-mountain (Sir Matthew Wood, Bt; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 27 March 1821
NPG D8094

D17900

Grand Entrance to Bamboozl'em

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published February 1821
NPG D17900

D17902

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 7 April 1821
NPG D17902

D17904a

Returning Justice lifts aloft her Scale

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 1 June 1821
NPG D17904a