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Anne Hyde, Duchess of York (1637-1671), First wife of James II, mother of Mary II and Queen Anne

Sitter in 16 portraits
The daughter of a Royalist advisor to the exiled Charles II, Anne secretly married James, the Duke of York, in the Netherlands in 1659. The couple went through an official marriage ceremony in London the following year. Their first child was born less than two months later, but died in infancy, as did five further children. Only two of their children survived, the future queens Mary and Anne. Anne died a few weeks after the birth of their youngest child. Late in her life, Anne secretly converted to Catholicism, as did her husband after her death. At the order of James's older brother King Charles, however, their daughters received a Protestant education.

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241

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

after Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (circa 1670)
On display at Lyme Park, Stockport
NPG 241

D18590

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1660s
NPG D18590

D18591

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1660s
NPG D18591

D18594

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

after Sir Peter Lely
line and stipple engraving, (1660s)
NPG D18594

D18595

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by Pierre Lombart, after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, 1669
NPG D18595

D29317

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by Michael Vandergucht, after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D29317

D29312

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by Charles Louis Simonneau (Simoneau), after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, 1707
NPG D29312

D18592

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by Charles Louis Simonneau (Simoneau), after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, published 1707
NPG D18592

D18593

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by Charles Louis Simonneau (Simoneau), after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, published 1707
NPG D18593

D29314

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by J.L. Claessens, after Sir Peter Lely, published by E. & S. Harding
stipple engraving, published 1793
NPG D29314

D29313

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

after Sir Peter Lely, published by William Richardson
line engraving, published 1798
NPG D29313

D29315

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by Rivers, published by John Scott, after Sir Peter Lely
stipple engraving, published 1 June 1803
NPG D29315

D29316

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by Rivers, after Sir Peter Lely
stipple engraving, published 1803
NPG D29316

D32758

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by John Samuel Agar, after Harold Crease, after Sir Peter Lely
stipple engraving, published 1815 (circa 1670)
NPG D32758

D32759

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

by John Samuel Agar, after Harold Crease, after Sir Peter Lely
stipple engraving, published 1815 (circa 1670)
NPG D32759