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Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York (1725-1807), Son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

Sitter in 10 portraits
Henry was a son of the exiled James II and younger brother of 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' (the 'Young Pretender'). After the failure of the 1745 rebellion he virtually abandoned the Jacobite cause for the Church, being made a Cardinal in 1747. He bequeathed the Stuart crown jewels to the future George IV in an act which symbolically brought the Jacobite cause to a close.

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Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

circle of Anton Raphael Mengs
oil on canvas, circa 1750
NPG 129


Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

after Antonio David
line engraving, 1730s (circa 1729-1732)
NPG D34701


Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

by John Simon, after Antonio David
mezzotint, 1730s (circa 1729-1732)
NPG D34713


Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

by Johan Georg Wille (Will), after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1740s?
NPG D34725


Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

by Pier Antonio Pazzi, probably after Giovanni Domenico Campiglia
line engraving, 1747 or after
NPG D10753


Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

by John Simon
mezzotint, circa 1725-1750
NPG D19519



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