Francis Thomas Bacon (1904-1992), Scientist
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A graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge, Bacon, a direct descendant of his 17th century philosopher namesake, became intrigued with fuel cells while working for the electrical company C.A. Parsons & Co. Ltd. in Newcastle-on-Tyne (1925-40). Although Sir William Grove had discovered the principle of fuel cells in 1842, they were considered a scientific curiosity until the early 1940s, when Bacon, then working at King's College, Cambridge, proposed their use in submarines. He sought new applications for fuel cells as principle consultant to National Research Development Corp. (1956-62), Energy Conservation Ltd. (1962-71), and UK Atomic Energy Authority (1971-73).