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Daniel Rutherford (1749-1819), Physician and botanist

Sitter in 6 portraits
Scottish chemist and physician who was most famous for the isolation of nitrogen. During his medical studies at Edinburgh University, Rutherford isolated nitrogen in 1772 and described oxygen, or 'vital air' as he called it, in 1778. After completing his university studies, he began practising medicine. He became a Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in 1776, and later was elected the Society's President. In 1786 he was appointed Professor of Botany at Edinburgh University, and Keeper of the city's Royal Botanic Garden.

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1075

Men of Science Living in 1807-8

by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
NPG 1075

1075a

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8'

by George Zobel, and William Walker
engraving, 1862
NPG 1075a

D34337

Daniel Rutherford with 'A distant View of Edinburgh'

by William Holl Sr, published by Robert John Thornton, after Sir Henry Raeburn
stipple engraving and etching, published 1 June 1804
NPG D34337

D5861

Daniel Rutherford

by William Holl Sr, after Sir Henry Raeburn
stipple engraving, 1804
NPG D5861

D39950

Daniel Rutherford with 'A distant View of Edinburgh'

by William Holl Sr, published by Robert John Thornton, after Sir Henry Raeburn
stipple engraving and etching, published 1 June 1804
NPG D39950