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Samuel Whitbread

(1756-1815), Politician and brewer

Sitter associated with 21 portraits
Whitbread was the son of the brewer Samuel Whitbread. He entered Parliament as a Whig MP in 1790, where he established himself as one of the leading figures of the Foxite Whig opposition in the Commons. A reformer, he championed religious and civil rights, the abolition of slavery, and a national education system. In 1805 he played a key role in bringing Lord Melville to justice for alleged financial dealings while he was Treasurer of the Navy. He failed to secure office when the Foxites came to power in Lord Grenville's coalition ministry in 1806. This marked the turning point of his political career, which waned from then on. In 1815, suffering from depression, he took his own life.

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The House of Commons 1793-94, by Karl Anton Hickel - NPG 745

The House of Commons 1793-94

by Karl Anton Hickel
oil on canvas, 1793-1795
NPG 745

Samuel Whitbread, by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after  John Opie - NPG D37563

Samuel Whitbread

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after John Opie
mezzotint, published 1804
NPG D37563

'The brewer and the thistle', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12264

'The brewer and the thistle'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 26 June 1805
NPG D12264

Samuel Whitbread, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  John Opie - NPG D4773

Samuel Whitbread

by Samuel William Reynolds, after John Opie
mezzotint, published 1806
NPG D4773

Samuel Whitbread, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  John Opie - NPG D4774

Samuel Whitbread

by Samuel William Reynolds, after John Opie
mezzotint, published 1806
NPG D4774

'The triumph of Quassia', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12868

'The triumph of Quassia'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 June 1806
NPG D12868

'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12869

'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 June 1806
NPG D12869

'View of the hustings in Covent Garden', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey, and published by  J. Budd, and published by  Richard Bagshaw - NPG D12883

'View of the hustings in Covent Garden'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey, and published by J. Budd, and published by Richard Bagshaw
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 15 December 1806
NPG D12883

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12888

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1807
NPG D12888

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

'Phaeton alarm'd!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

'Pandora opening her box', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12917

'Pandora opening her box'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 February 1809
NPG D12917

'Overthrow of the Republican-Babel', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12921

'Overthrow of the Republican-Babel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 May 1809
NPG D12921

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12922

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1809
NPG D12922

'True reform of Parliament, - i.e. - patriots lighting a revolutionary-bonfire in New Palace Yard', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12923

'True reform of Parliament, - i.e. - patriots lighting a revolutionary-bonfire in New Palace Yard'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 June 1809
NPG D12923

'Tentanda via est qua me quoque possim tollere humo', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13118

'Tentanda via est qua me quoque possim tollere humo'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 8 August 1810
NPG D13118

Web image not currently available

Samuel Whitbread; Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, 1st Bt

published by Sir Richard Phillips
stipple engraving, published 1 December 1805
NPG D14368

Web image not currently available

National Pursuits

by Charles Williams
hand-coloured etching, published for the proprietors of Town Talk 1 April 1812
NPG D46371

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