George Baxter (1804-1867)
Artist associated with 16 portraits
George Baxter was an engraver and printer who invented a process of colour printing that made reproductions of paintings available on a mass scale. He supplied colour illustrations to the publisher George Mudie and produced prints for the London Missionary Society. Baxter's process incorporated the aquatint method and involved superimposing the colours using wooden blocks. Baxter used carefully etched plates, a hand press, and the finest colours, oils and paper. He mixed the colours himself but left no record of their composition. The process quickly gained popularity and was widely useful in producing replications of paintings.