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William Cumberland Cruikshank (1745-1800), Anatomist

Sitter in 1 portrait
Artist associated with 3 portraits
Edinburgh-born William Cruikshank studied divinity at Edinburgh University, but abandoned theology to pursue a medical career. He moved to London in 1771 and devoted himself to anatomy. Cruikshank is remembered as a successful teacher of anatomy although he also had a considerable practice as a surgeon. He attended Dr Johnson in his last illness. When Johnson died in 1784, Cruikshank supervised the taking of his death-mask, which sculptor James Hoskins transformed into a bust.

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4685

Samuel Johnson

by William Cumberland Cruikshank, and James Hoskins
plaster cast of bust incorporating death-mask, 1784
NPG 4685

498a

Samuel Johnson

by Domenico Brucciani, after William Cumberland Cruikshank, and James Hoskins
plaster cast of bust, 1878 (1784)
NPG 498a

498b

Samuel Johnson

by Domenico Brucciani, after William Cumberland Cruikshank, and James Hoskins
plaster cast of bust, 1878 (1784)
NPG 498b