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Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon (1906-1978), Archaeologist and Principal of St Hugh's College Oxford
Sitter in 6 portraits
A student of archaeologist Sir Mortimer Wheeler, Kenyon excavated sites both in Britain, including Verulamium (St Albans) and in the Middle East . She first went to the Middle East in the 1930s, introducing British methods of excavation. The Second World War and its aftermath kept her in Britain, digging and helping to found the Institute of Archaeology at London University, where she was lecturer in Palestinian archaeology and acting Director. From 1952 she began her excavations at Jericho, which were to change the known early history of the area. She also excavated in Jerusalem, finally retiring from the field in 1967. From 1962 she was Principal of St Hugh's College, Oxford.