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John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute (1744-1814), Diplomat and collector

Sitter associated with 12 portraits
John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute, was the son of the 3rd Earl of Bute. As his father's heir he was styled Lord Mountstuart from birth. Mountstuart was elected to Parliament as a Tory MP in 1766, the year that also saw his marriage to Charlotte Hickman-Windsor (daughter of the 2nd Viscount Windsor). Following the deaths of his wife's parents the Windsor estates in south Wales passed to Mountstuart, who restored Cardiff Castle. He was created Baron Cardiff in 1776. He succeeded his father as 4th Earl of Bute in 1792, and was created Viscount Mountjoy, in the Isle of Wight, Earl of Windsor and Marquess of Bute in 1794. He served as an envoy in Turin and as British ambassador to Spain.

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L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

D32469

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by John Raphael Smith, after Jean Etienne Liotard
mezzotint, published 1774
NPG D32469

D13244

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by John Raphael Smith, after Jean Etienne Liotard
mezzotint, published 1774
NPG D13244

D937

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by John Raphael Smith, after Jean Etienne Liotard
mezzotint, published 1774
NPG D937

D32465

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by and published by Edward Fisher, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1777
NPG D32465

D32466

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by and published by Edward Fisher, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1777
NPG D32466

D32476

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by and published by Edward Fisher, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1777
NPG D32476

D32468

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by William Baillie, after Nathaniel Hone
stipple engraving, 20 October 1779
NPG D32468

D32467

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by Edward Fisher, published by William Humphrey, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1783
NPG D32467

D14089

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

after Allan Ramsay
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D14089

D20437

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute

by William Baillie, after Nathaniel Hone
stipple engraving, 20 October 1779
NPG D20437