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Nathaniel Charles Rothschild (1877-1923), Banker and entomologist

Sitter in 2 portraits
After Cambridge Rothschild entered the family bank, N.M. Rothschild. But his abiding interest was in natural history. He became the foremost authority on the subject of fleas, publishing about 150 papers and describing over 500 new species, and in 1901 discovered the flea that spread the Black Death in Europe. Rothschild was also passionately concerned with nature protection. In May 1912 he formed the Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves, paying for the purchase of several sites, and in 1915 submitted the details of 280 sites across the British Isles to government. This 'Rothschild list' was a milestone in nature conservancy and well over half the sites he identified remain nature reserves.

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Nathaniel Charles Rothschild

by Sir Hubert von Herkomer
oil on canvas, 1908
NPG 6664


Nathaniel Charles Rothschild

after Sir Hubert von Herkomer
photogravure, (1908)
NPG D42714