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Sir Joshua Reynolds

(1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy

Sitter associated with 38 portraits
Artist associated with 1413 portraits
Reynolds was the first President of the Royal Academy and Britain's leading portrait painter. In his attempt to raise the status of portraiture, he created the 'Grand Manner' which borrowed from classical antiquity and the Old Masters to fill his portraits with moral and heroic symbolism. An incredible socialite, social climber and self-promoter, Reynolds used his contacts to advance himself. Appointed President of the newly established Royal Academy in 1768, his annual lectures - or Discourses on Art - had a lasting impact on the contemporary theory of art and practice.

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Elizabeth Turner (née Wombwell), by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D4512

Elizabeth Turner (née Wombwell)

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1757)
NPG D4512

Elizabeth Turner (née Wombwell), by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D4513

Elizabeth Turner (née Wombwell)

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1757)
NPG D4513

Elizabeth (née Drax), Countess of Berkeley, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D727

Elizabeth (née Drax), Countess of Berkeley

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1757
NPG D727

Edward Boscawen, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D760

Edward Boscawen

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1757
NPG D760

Frances Capel (née Williams), Countess of Essex, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D1876

Frances Capel (née Williams), Countess of Essex

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1757
NPG D1876

Frances Capel (née Williams), Countess of Essex, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D1877

Frances Capel (née Williams), Countess of Essex

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1757
NPG D1877

Mary (née Panton), Duchess of Ancaster, by Charles Spooner, published by  Robert Sayer, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D14884

Mary (née Panton), Duchess of Ancaster

by Charles Spooner, published by Robert Sayer, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
hand-coloured mezzotint, (circa 1757-1759)
NPG D14884

Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 2nd Earl of Radnor, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D19595

Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 2nd Earl of Radnor

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1757)
NPG D19595

Elizabeth Percy (née Seymour), Duchess of Northumberland, by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D19709

Elizabeth Percy (née Seymour), Duchess of Northumberland

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1757-1759)
NPG D19709

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, by Charles Spooner, published by  John Bowles, and published by  Carington Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D32906

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

by Charles Spooner, published by John Bowles, and published by Carington Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, circa 1758-1761 (1758)
NPG D32906

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, by Charles Spooner, published by  John Bowles, and published by  Carington Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D32907

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

by Charles Spooner, published by John Bowles, and published by Carington Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, circa 1758-1761 (1758)
NPG D32907

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles), by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D35996

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles)

by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (circa 1758-1763)
NPG D35996

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, by and sold by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D38243

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough

by and sold by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D38243

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, by Richard Houston, sold by  Robert Sayer, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D38244

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough

by Richard Houston, sold by Robert Sayer, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D38244

John Manners, Marquess of Granby, by William Bond, printed by  Bell & Wright, published by  Longman & Co, published by  Josiah Taylor, published by  William Bond, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D39972

John Manners, Marquess of Granby

by William Bond, printed by Bell & Wright, published by Longman & Co, published by Josiah Taylor, published by William Bond, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, (circa 1758-1760)
NPG D39972

John Manners, Marquess of Granby, by Richard Houston, printed for  Bowles & Carver, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D2649

John Manners, Marquess of Granby

by Richard Houston, printed for Bowles & Carver, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (circa 1758-1760)
NPG D2649

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles), by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3029

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles)

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (circa 1758-1763)
NPG D3029

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles), by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3044

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles)

by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (circa 1758-1763)
NPG D3044

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles), after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3045

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles)

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (circa 1758-1763)
NPG D3045

Sir George Howard, by James Watson, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3110

Sir George Howard

by James Watson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758-1762)
NPG D3110

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, by and sold by Richard Houston, sold by  Robert Sayer, sold by  John Bowles, after  Carington Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3674

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough

by and sold by Richard Houston, sold by Robert Sayer, sold by John Bowles, after Carington Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D3674

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3675

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough

by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D3675

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, by and sold by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3676

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough

by and sold by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D3676

Anne Wentworth (née Campbell), Countess of Strafford, by Richard Brookshaw, printed for  Richard Marshall, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D4289

Anne Wentworth (née Campbell), Countess of Strafford

by Richard Brookshaw, printed for Richard Marshall, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758-1760)
NPG D4289

Anne Wentworth (née Campbell), Countess of Strafford, by Richard Brookshaw, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D4290

Anne Wentworth (née Campbell), Countess of Strafford

by Richard Brookshaw, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758-1760)
NPG D4290

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal), by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D5625

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal)

by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D5625

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal), by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D645

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal)

by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D645

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal), by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D646

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal)

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D646

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal), printed for Carington Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D647

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal)

printed for Carington Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D647

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal), printed for John Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D648

Elizabeth Barrington (née Vassal)

printed for John Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D648

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D664

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1758 (1757)
NPG D664

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D665

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1758 (1757)
NPG D665

Mary (née Panton), Duchess of Ancaster, by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D7006

Mary (née Panton), Duchess of Ancaster

by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D7006

Mary (née Panton), Duchess of Ancaster, by Charles Spooner, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D7007

Mary (née Panton), Duchess of Ancaster

by Charles Spooner, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758)
NPG D7007

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles) ('The Plymouth Beauty'), published by Robert Sayer, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D14569

Hannah Horneck (née Mangles) ('The Plymouth Beauty')

published by Robert Sayer, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (circa 1758-1763)
NPG D14569

Sir George Howard, by James Watson, published by  John Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D14866

Sir George Howard

by James Watson, published by John Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1758-1762)
NPG D14866

(Margaret) Georgiana Spencer (née Poyntz), Countess Spencer; Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire, by P. or S. Paul (Samuel de Wilde?), printed for  John Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D9192

(Margaret) Georgiana Spencer (née Poyntz), Countess Spencer; Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire

by P. or S. Paul (Samuel de Wilde?), printed for John Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759-1761)
NPG D9192

Jean or Jane Carmichael (née Vigor), Countess of Hyndford, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D36432

Jean or Jane Carmichael (née Vigor), Countess of Hyndford

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1759 (1757)
NPG D36432

William Markham, by Edward Fisher, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D38226

William Markham

by Edward Fisher, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759)
NPG D38226

William Markham, by Edward Fisher, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D38227

William Markham

by Edward Fisher, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759)
NPG D38227

George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough, by William Say, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D38246

George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough

by William Say, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759-1762)
NPG D38246

Elizabeth Percy (née Seymour), Duchess of Northumberland, by and sold by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D39319

Elizabeth Percy (née Seymour), Duchess of Northumberland

by and sold by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1759 (1757-1759)
NPG D39319

George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D39982

George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1759 (1759)
NPG D39982

Kitty Fisher, by Edward Fisher, published by  Thomas Ewart, published by  Robert Sayer, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D1951

Kitty Fisher

by Edward Fisher, published by Thomas Ewart, published by Robert Sayer, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 17 July 1759
NPG D1951

Lady Selina Hastings, by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D2958

Lady Selina Hastings

by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759)
NPG D2958

Lady Selina Hastings, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D2967

Lady Selina Hastings

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759)
NPG D2967

Lady Selina Hastings, by Charles Spooner, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D2968

Lady Selina Hastings

by Charles Spooner, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759)
NPG D2968

Jean or Jane Carmichael (née Vigor), Countess of Hyndford, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D3133

Jean or Jane Carmichael (née Vigor), Countess of Hyndford

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1759 (1757)
NPG D3133

Henry Woodward, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D4906

Henry Woodward

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1759-1762)
NPG D4906

George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, by James Macardell, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D7641

George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville

by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1759 (1759)
NPG D7641

Laurence Sterne, by Edward Fisher, printed for  Robert Sayer, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D21363

Laurence Sterne

by Edward Fisher, printed for Robert Sayer, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1760)
NPG D21363

Maria (née Walpole), Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), published by  Robert Sayer, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D33043

Maria (née Walpole), Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh

by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), published by Robert Sayer, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1760s (probably 1760-1761)
NPG D33043

Maria (née Walpole), Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, by Richard Houston, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D33042

Maria (née Walpole), Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh

by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1760-1761)
NPG D33042

David Garrick ('Garrick between Comedy and Tragedy'), by Edward Fisher, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D34376

David Garrick ('Garrick between Comedy and Tragedy')

by Edward Fisher, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint printed in colours, (1760-1761)
NPG D34376

David Garrick ('Strive not Tragedy nor Comedy to Engross a Garrick, who to your Noblest Characters does Equal Honour'), by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), printed by  Robert Sayer, printed by  Carington Bowles, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D34382

David Garrick ('Strive not Tragedy nor Comedy to Engross a Garrick, who to your Noblest Characters does Equal Honour')

by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), printed by Robert Sayer, printed by Carington Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1760-1761)
NPG D34382

David Garrick ('Reddere Personae scit convenientia cuique'), by Edward Fisher, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D34383

David Garrick ('Reddere Personae scit convenientia cuique')

by Edward Fisher, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1760-1761)
NPG D34383

John Manners, Marquess of Granby, by James Watson, sold by  Ryland and Bryer, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D34760

John Manners, Marquess of Granby

by James Watson, sold by Ryland and Bryer, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1760s (circa 1766-1767)
NPG D34760

Maria (née Walpole), Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D10798

Maria (née Walpole), Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh

by Richard Purcell (H. Fowler, Charles or Philip Corbutt), after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (probably 1760-1761)
NPG D10798

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