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Sir Joshua Reynolds

(1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy

Sitter associated with 38 portraits
Artist associated with 1413 portraits
Reynolds was the first President of the Royal Academy and Britain's leading portrait painter. In his attempt to raise the status of portraiture, he created the 'Grand Manner' which borrowed from classical antiquity and the Old Masters to fill his portraits with moral and heroic symbolism. An incredible socialite, social climber and self-promoter, Reynolds used his contacts to advance himself. Appointed President of the newly established Royal Academy in 1768, his annual lectures - or Discourses on Art - had a lasting impact on the contemporary theory of art and practice.

Watch a film clip on the artist from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1820 (circa 1778)
NPG D14389

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'Crossing the brook' (Hester Frances (née Cholmondeley), Lady Bellingham)

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1820 (1767)
NPG D14574

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Lady Christian Henrietta Caroline ('Harriet') Acland (née Fox, Fox-Strangways)

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published July 1820 (1771)
NPG D15128

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George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer

by John Henry Robinson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
line engraving, published 1822 (1774-1776)
NPG D14671

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Samuel Johnson

by William Camden Edwards, published by W. Walker, after George Clint, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
line engraving, published 1 May 1823
NPG D14528

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Samuel Johnson

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, circa 1824 (1762?-1769)
NPG D18941

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Samuel Johnson

by Jacques G. Sturm, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
line engraving, circa 1825-1844
NPG D13848

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Edward Gibbon

by Samuel Freeman, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, circa 1825-1850 (1779)
NPG D20074

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Sir Joshua Reynolds

by J. Pass, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
line and stipple engraving, published 1826
NPG D15202

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'The Dilettanti Society'

by Vincent Brooks, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
lithograph, mid 19th century (1777-1779)
NPG D35197

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'The Dilettanti Society'

by Charles Algernon Tomkins, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, mid 19th century (1777-1779)
NPG D35198

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'The Dilettanti Society'

by Vincent Brooks, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, mid 19th century (1777-1779)
NPG D35199

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Sir Joseph Banks, Bt

by Samuel William Reynolds, published by Hodgson & Graves, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1834 (1771-1772)
NPG D14060

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(Margaret) Georgiana Spencer (née Poyntz), Countess Spencer

by Samuel William Reynolds, published by Moon, Boys & Graves, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1834 (1772)
NPG D14815

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Margaret Caroline (née Leveson-Gower), Countess of Carlisle

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1834
NPG D15126

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Sir Joseph Banks, Bt

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1834 (1771-1772)
NPG D20064

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John Manners, Marquess of Granby

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1834
NPG D20452

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Elizabeth Herbert (née Beauclerk), Countess of Pembroke ('Una')

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1835
NPG D1213

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Louisa (née Thynne), Countess of Aylesford

by Samuel William Reynolds, published by Hodgson & Graves, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1835 (1781-1782)
NPG D15191

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Laurence Sterne

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1836 (1760)
NPG D4314

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Laurence Sterne

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1836 (1760)
NPG D4316

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John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford

by John Henry Robinson, published by Harding & Lepard, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple and line engraving, published 1 December 1836 (1759-1762)
NPG D14333

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Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham

by W.T. Mote, published by Harding & Lepard, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
line and stipple engraving, published 1 December 1836 (1766-1768)
NPG D14415

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Laurence Sterne

by Samuel William Reynolds, published by Hodgson & Graves, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1836 (1760)
NPG D19360

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Josiah Wedgwood

by Samuel William Reynolds, published by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1 May 1841
NPG D20146

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'Junius'

by G.F. Storm, printed by S.H. Hawkins, published by John Britton, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1847 (1787-1788)
NPG D37177

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Georgiana Augusta Frederica Seymour, Lady Bentinck

by Joseph Brown, published by Richard Bentley, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 1858
NPG D15482

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James Beattie

by Frederick Bromley, published by Henry Graves, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1861 (1773)
NPG D14674

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Francis Holburne; Sir Francis Holburne, 4th Bt

by George H. Every, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1864
NPG D3065

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William Strahan

by Charles Algernon Tomkins, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1866 (1780)
NPG D20000

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Frances Abington (née Barton)

by Elizabeth Judkins, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1876
NPG D7151

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Mary Boyle (née Monckton), Countess of Cork and Orrery

after Johann Jacobé, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint photogravure, 1880s (1777-1778)
NPG D38859

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Diana Crosbie (née Sackville), Countess Glandore

by Robert Stewart Clouston, printed by Thomas Ross & Son, published by Arthur Lucas, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 30 March 1892 (1777)
NPG D38892

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