Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

James Sant (1820-1916), Painter

Self-portraits
By other artists
Photographs

Self-portraitsback to top


1844
Oil on board; see NPG 4093.

1884
Oil on canvas, 345 x 297mm oval, signed with monogram, head-and-shoulders, full-face; Macdonald Coll., Aberdeen AG, ABDAG003882.


By other artistsback to top


publ. 1874
Design by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for Essence of Parliament, head, profile to right, in shade at bottom of composition; untraced. Repr. Punch, 8 Aug. 1874, p.55.
See also Butler, Marks, Millais.

publ. 1875
Design by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for Academicians and Outsiders – A Battle-piece., whole-length with oversized head, in bottom tier of defending Academicians; untraced. Repr. Punch, 26 June 1875, p.278.
See also Alma-Tadema, Ansdell, Boughton, Butler, Calderon, Cope, Du Maurier, Frith, Herkomer, Horsley, Leighton, Marks, Millais, Orchardson.

publ. 1877
Design by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for Welcome, Little Stranger! Or the R.A Cock of the Walk and the Bond Street Bird of (Art) Paradise, head included with others among the tail feathers of the RA bird; untraced. Repr. Punch,12 May 1877, p.214; McMaster 2008, p.67, fig.10; McMaster 2009, p.31, fig.17.
See also Alma-Tadema, Calderon, Goodall, Horsley, Leighton, Lindsay, Marks, Millais, Orchardson.

publ. 1878
Design by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for An Anxious Moment., among the heads of RA members attached to the bodies of a gaggle of farmyard geese, based on Briton Riviere’s painting of the same name (1878); untraced. Engr. by Swain repr. Punch 27 July 1878, p.34; McMaster 2008, p.68, fig.12; McMaster 2009, p.34, fig.19; and Ormond 2010, p.78, fig.27.
See also Calderon, Frith, Herkomer, Horsley, Leighton, Millais, Orchardson, Poynter.

publ. 1879
Design by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for Royal Academy Canvas-backs; or, A High (Art) Tide., head attached to body of a duck, facing front, riding the first ‘wave’ of RAs; untraced. Repr. Punch, 12 July 1879, p.6; McMaster 2008, p.69, fig.15; McMaster 2009, p.38, fig.22.
See also Alma-Tadema, Ansdell, Armitage, Boughton, Butler, Calderon, Cope, Du Maurier, Fildes, Goodall, Herkomer, Holl, Horsley, Leighton, Marks, Millais, Orchardson, Poynter, Prinsep, Watts.

1881
Pen and ink drawing, 306 x 444mm, by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for Royal Academy Banquet at Burlington House., a comic take on William Salter’s The Waterloo Banquet, signed and dated Apr. 1881, head-and-shoulders, facing forwards, sixth from the right on the back row of RAs; Aberdeen AG, ABDAG003898. Repr. Punch, 7 May 1881, p.206; Gould 2004, p.154, fig.122; McMaster 2008, p.70, fig.18; McMaster 2009, p.42, fig.25; Ormond 2010, p.83, fig.30.
See also Alma-Tadema, Ansdell, Armitage, Barlow, Boehm, Boughton, Calderon, Cope, Faed, Fildes, Frith, Goodall, Herkomer, Hodgson, Holl, Horsley, Leighton, Marks, Millais, Orchardson, Pearson, Pettie, Pickersgill, Poynter, Prinsep, W.H. Thornycroft, Watts, Woolner, Yeames.

1882
Pen and ink drawing, 317 x 419mm, by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for Saturday Review of the Royal Academy.- The March Past., signed and dated Apr. 1882, head-and-shoulders, profile to left, wearing top hat in back row of Academy ‘troops’; coll. Juliet McMaster. Engr. by Swain repr. Punch, 6 May 1882, p.206; McMaster 2008, p.71, fig.20; and McMaster 2009, p.46, fig.27.
See also Alma-Tadema, Ansdell, Barlow, Boehm, Boughton, Calderon, Cope, Faed, Frith, Goodall, Herkomer, Hodgson, Holl, Horsley, Leighton, Marks, Millais, Orchardson, Pettie, Pickersgill, Poynter, Prinsep, Watts, Woolner.

publ. 1883
Drawing by (Edward) Linley Sambourne for Royal Academy May-Pole Dance., signed and dated Apr. 1883, head-and-shoulders, slightly profile to left, dancing with others at the bottom of the maypole; untraced. Engr. by Swain repr. Punch, 12 May 1883, p.218; McMaster 2008, p.72, fig.26; and McMaster 2009, p.56, fig.33.
See also Alma-Tadema, Ansdell, Barlow, Boehm, Boughton, Calderon, Cope, Faed, Fildes, Frith, Goodall, Herkomer, Hodgson, Holl, Horsley, Leighton, Marks, Millais, Orchardson, Pickersgill, Poynter, Prinsep, Watts, Yeames.

publ. 1887
Three drawings by Charles-Paul Renouard:
(a) The Opening of the Royal Academy: The Selecting Committee at Work, three-quarter-length, profile to left, standing, fifth figure from right, inspecting a picture with other members of the committee at the RA; untraced. Repr. Graphic, 7 May 1887, pp.476, 77; Sunday Times, 5 May 1968, front page.
See also Alma-Tadema, Leighton, Marks, Orchardson, A. Waterhouse, Yeames.
(b) Judging the Watercolours, profile to left, seated, wearing cape and top hat; untraced. Repr. Graphic, 7 May 1887, pp.489.
See also Leighton, Marks, Yeames.
(c) Searching the ‘Doubtfulls’ for one to fit, half-length, wearing hat, to far left; untraced. Repr. Graphic, 7 May 1887, pp.488.
See also Leighton, Marks, Orchardson, Yeames.

publ. 1888
Drawing by Thomas Walter Wilson for The 10th of December – Prize Day, signed bottom left-hand corner, half-length, to left-hand side, fifth from left in multi-figure group; untraced. Engr. by R. Taylor repr. MA, 1888, p.61.
See also Alma-Tadema, Gregory, Hodgson, Horsley, Leighton, Millais, Prinsep, Watts.

1889
Drawing by unidentified artist, The distribution of prizes, by Sir Frederick Leighton, to the successful students of the Royal Academy schools, half-length, profile to right, sixth from left on row of main figures; untraced. Engr. repr. Graphic, 28 Dec. 1889, p.777.
See also Calderon, Cope, Horsley, Leighton, Yeames.

Pencil sketch by Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 20 Feb. 1889, head-and-shoulders, profile to right, in margin of Report of the Special Committee of the RA; untraced. Repr. Sotheby’s, 25 Oct. 1977 (25).
See also Armitage, Boehm, Fildes, Frith, Marks, Millais, Pickersgill, W.H. Thornycroft.

1891
Pen and ink drawing by G. Grenville Manton; see NPG 2820.

1893
Oil on canvas, 1117 x 864mm, by Henry Tanworth Wells, three-quarter-length, profile to left, seated, hands in pockets; untraced. Exh. RA 1893 (450); repr. Cassell’s RA Pictures 1893, p.113.


Photographsback to top


1861
Photographs by Camille Silvy, 21 April 1861, three known poses:
(a) whole-length, standing, right leg crossed over left, in photographer’s studio, wearing frock coat and top coat, leaning against plinth, with top hat, portfolio stand and albums; NPG Ax52593.
(b) whole-length, standing by plinth, wife seated to right; NPG Ax52592.
(c) albumen carte-de-visite, 85 x 57mm, whole-length, full-face, standing, left leg across right, wearing frock coat and overcoat, with top hat, portfolio stand and albums; RA, London, 04/924.

1860s
Photographs by or credited to John Watkins, three known poses:
(a) albumen carte-de-visite, 92 x 57mm, by John & Charles Watkins, almost whole-length, full-face, seated, left hand to chin, wearing velvet jacket and holding notebook in right hand. Repr. Brooke 1994, p.105 and see (c) below; exh. Victorian Art World in Photographs, NPG, London, 1984 (30). Another print, 88 x 57mm, colls RA, London, 03/3691; The Rob Dickins Coll., Watts G., Compton, COMWG2008.229, COMWG2008.1382, COMWG2008.1944, COMWG2008.4397; NPG Ax14844; and Bristol CMAG, Album I. MB7227.
(b) (probably from same session), head-and-shoulders, full-face, left hand to chin. Engr. by ‘ST’ or ‘TS’ repr. ILN, 1 Jan. 1870, p.17, credited to John Watkins.
(c) possibly another pose, three-quarter-length, head near-profile to left, left hand to neck, used as basis for engr. repr. Graphic, 7 May 1870, p.544, with added details depicting artist’s easel; or the illustration was adapted from (a) above.

Albumen carte-de-visite, 91 x 58mm, by Elliott & Fry, vignette head-and-shoulders, profile to right, bushy sidewhiskers; NPG Ax17264 and NPG Ax28950.

Albumen carte-de-visite, 92 x 61mm, by London Stereoscopic Co., head-and-shoulders, near-profile to right looking down, wearing overcoat, jacket with wide lapels, large cravat with pin; NPG x76503.

1866
Albumen print, 126 x 95mm oval, by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), 24 July 1866, half-length, profile to left, seated; Princeton UL, 1513. Repr. Collingwood 1898, p.100; and Taylor & Wakeling 2002, no.P(3) 46, p.205.
Another currently untraced image taken by Carroll on 26 July 1866 included Sant with his daughter Sarah Fanny; ref. Taylor & Wakeling 2002, p.261.

1870s?
Photograph by Negretti & Zambra, half-length, nearly full-face, seated. Engr. with facsimile signature repr. MA, 1880, p.128.

1877
Woodburytype, 120 x 95mm, by Lock & Whitfield, half-length, half-profile to left, wearing stiff collar and cravat; publ. Cooper 1876–83, ser. 2, 1877, p.23; colls. NPG x133402 (uncropped), NPG x22356, NPG Ax17534 (oval); and The Rob Dickins Coll., Watts G., Compton, COMWG2008.1107, COMWG2008.2081.

reg. 1883
Albumen prints by Frank Dudman, four poses:
(a) whole-length, profile to left, seated in interior studying card; reg. for copyright (by J.P. Mayall) 1883 Sept. 14: National Archives (COPY 1/365/294).
(b) whole-length, profile to left, seated in an interior wearing hat, holding papers; reg. for copyright (by J.P. Mayall) 1883 Sept. 14: National Archives (COPY 1/365/295);
(c) whole-length, profile to left, seated in an interior holding brushes and palette; reg. for copyright (by J.P. Mayall) 1883 Sept. 14: National Archives (COPY 1/365/296);
(d) whole-length, profile to left, in an interior, leaning against a mantle, hand in pocket; reg. for copyright (by J.P. Mayall) 1883 Sept. 24: National Archives (COPY 1/365/297).

publ. 1888
Photograph by Window & Grove, three-quarter-length, seated to right with left hand resting on thigh, bald crown. Repr. The Year’s Art 1888, p.24.

publ. 1892
Platinum print, 198 x 153mm, by Ralph Winwood Robinson, whole-length, profile to left, seated in own studio, holding palette and brushes with paintings on wall in background; NPG x7390. Repr. Robinson [1892]; probably that repr. in ‘Studios of English Royal Academicians’, Monthly Illustrator and Home and Country, 3 Feb. 1895, p.224; certainly repr. Maas 1984, no.116.

Thumbnail sketch after unidentified photograph, head-and-shoulders, profile to right, wearing narrow knotted tie, repr. ‘Pictures of 1892’, Pall Mall Gazette ‘Extra’, no.62, 2 May 1892, p.15.

1899
Carbon print, 227 x 315mm, by Fradelle & Young, in multi-figure group at a banquet in honour of Lawrence Alma-Tadema at the Whitehall Rooms, London, 4 Nov. 1899 (presence confirmed on sheet of over 100 signatures); NPG x19022. Repr. MA, 1900, p.137 (with signatures insert); and Swanson 1990, p.85.
See also Alma-Tadema, Boughton, Brock, Clausen, J. Collier, Crane, East, E.O. Ford, Frampton, Gregory, Hacker, Lucas, Parsons, Solomon, Spielmann, W.H. Thornycroft, J.W. Waterhouse, A. Webb.

1900s
Bromide print, 144 x 111mm, by Ernest Herbert Mills, half-length, full-face, wispy hair, wearing eyeglasses with chain, wing collar, patterned tie with large knot, jacket, waistcoat, watch-chain; NPG x22355 with signature ‘Jas Sant’ on mount.

1914–15
Photograph by Lafayette, half-length, nearly full-face, standing, wearing wing collar, tie, waistcoat and jacket. Repr. The Times, 13 July 1916 (obit.).

Platinum print, 147 x 104mm, by Russell & Sons for NPR, half-length, half-profile to left, standing, wearing Court dress with CVO medal; NPG Ax39193.

Dr Jan Marsh