Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue
Francis Montague ('Frank') Holl (1845-1888), Painter; son of Francis Holl
Together with fellow illustrators Luke Fildes and Hubert von Herkomer, Holl worked in a dark social-realist style.
So little did the art of Italy mean to my father that we find him disgusted after a few weeks, pining for the grey, cloud-laden skies of the North, the sombre habit and temper of his fellow-countrymen.
If one seeks for the dominant trait in his character, I think it was, perhaps, his extreme simplicity and modesty, which showed itself particularly in his estimate of his own work. No recognition, however assured, made him content with his own efforts.
I think that he really threw into his art all the passion and smouldering intensity which found so little outlet in his social relationships. He was reticent, chary of self-revealing speech, to an extraordinary degree.
Footnotesback to top
Referencesback to topAitchison 1891
Aitchison, G., Holl, Francis Montague (18451888), DNB, London, 1891.
Bills & Webb 2007
Bills, M., and D. Webb, eds, Victorian Artists in Photographs: [The World of G.F. Watts]. Selections from the Rob Dickins Collection, exh. cat., Watts Gallery, Compton, 2007.
Bills, M., Frank Holl: Emerging from the Shadows, Philip Wilson, London, in association with Watts Gallery, Compton, 2013.
Bury, A., Shadow of Eros: A Biographical and Critical Study of the Life and Works of Sir Alfred Gilbert, London, 1954.
Cooper, T., Men of Mark: A Gallery of Contemporary Portraits of Men Distinguished in the Senate, the Church, in Science, Literature and Art, the Army, Navy, Law, Medicine, etc. Photographed from life by Lock and Whitfield, London, 7 ser., 187683.
Denker, E., In Pursuit of the Butterfly: Portraits of James McNeill Whistler, exh. cat., National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC, 1995.
Fildes, L.V., Luke Fildes, R.A.: A Victorian Painter, London, 1968.
Gillett, P., The Victorian Painters World, Stroud, Glos., 1990.
Gould, V.F., G.F. Watts: The Last Great Victorian, London, 2004.
Hatton, J., The Life and Work of Alfred Gilbert R.A., M.V.O., L.L.D., Easter Art Annual, 1903, pp.132.
Jones et al. 1996
Jones, S., and others, Frederic Leighton 18301896, exh. cat., Royal Academy, London, 1996.
Lane & Browne 1906
Lane, W.C., and N.E. Browne, eds, A.L.A. [American Library Association] Portrait Index, Washington, DC, 1906.
Maas, J., The Victorian Art World in Photographs, London, 1984.
McAllister, I.G., Alfred Gilbert, London, 1929.
MacCormick Edwards 2004b
MacCormick Edwards, L., Holl, Francis Montague [Frank] (18451888), ODNB, Oxford, 2004.
McMaster, J., That Mighty Art of Black-and-White: Linley Sambourne, Punch and the Royal Academy, British Art Journal, Autumn 2008, pp.6276.
McMaster, J., That Mighty Art of Black-and-White: Linley Sambourne, Punch and the Royal Academy, Edmonton, Canada, 2009.
Noakes, A., William Frith: Extraordinary Victorian Painter, London, 1978.
ODonoghue, F., Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum, 5 vols, London, 190822 (and vol.6, H.M. Hake, Supplement and indexes, 1925).
Ormond, L., Linley Sambourne: Illustrator and Punch Cartoonist, London, 2010.
Ormond & Ormond 1975
Ormond, L., and R. Ormond, Lord Leighton, London, 1975.
Reynolds, A.M., The Life and Work of Frank Holl, London, 1912.
Ribeiro, A., The Gallery of Fashion, London, 2000.
Swanson, V.G., Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema: Painter of the Victorian Vision of the Ancient World, London, 1977.