Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue
Carlo Pellegrini (1839-1889), 'Ape'; caricaturist
Accounts of his foreign habits and eccentricities abound in memoirs of the period. 
In person he was little and stout, and extremely fastidious. He always wore white spats, and their whiteness was ever immaculate, for he rode everywhere […] His boots, too, were the acme of perfection, and his nails were as long and pointed as those of a Mandarin.
Louise Jopling wrote the following account of his working methods:
He did not give his sitters much trouble, in the way of posing. He would make a note of any personage on his thumb nail, or on his shirt cuff, but generally it was sufficient for him to follow his intended victim about, for two or three days, and he would thus learn him by heart, and, in his Studio, with only the mental image of the man before his mind’s eye, he would produce the salient points that made a smile come to the lips of the observer, as he saw the cartoon of the week. 
Footnotesback to top
1) Sir Leslie Ward (‘Spy’) produced 1325 cartoons as against Pellegrini’s 333.
2) For instance, Max Beerbohm dedicated his first book of drawings (Caricatures of Twenty-Five Gentlemen, 1896) to ‘the Shade of Carlo Pellegrini’.
3) See Carr 1908; Furniss 1901, , 1925; Ward 1915.
4) Ward 1915, p.96.
5) Jopling 1925, pp.251–2.
Referencesback to topAlley 1981
Alley, R., Tate Gallery’s Collection of Modern Art, London, 1981.
Carr, J.C., Some Eminent Victorians: Personal Recollections in the World of Art and Letters, London, 1908.
Fredeman, W.E., ed., The Correspondence of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 9 vols, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2002–10.
Furniss, H.,Confessions of a Caricaturist, 2 vols, London, 1901.
Furniss, H., My Bohemian Days, London, n.d. .
Furniss, H., The Two Pins Club, London, 1925.
Harris, E., ‘Carlo Pellegrini: Man and “Ape”’, Apollo, vol.103, 1976, pp.53–7.
Harris & Ormond 1976
Harris, E., and R. Ormond, Vanity Fair: An Exhibition of Original Cartoons, NPG, London, 1976.
Jopling, L., Twenty Years of My Life, 1867 to 1887, London, 1925.
Matthews & Mellini 1982
Matthews, R., and P. Mellini, In ‘Vanity Fair’, London, 1982.
Mellini, P., ‘Pellegrini, Carlo [Ape] (1839–1889)’, ODNB, Oxford, 2004.
Naylor, L., The Irrepressible Victorian: The Story of Thomas Gibson Bowles, London, 1965.
Symon, J.D., ‘A Visit to “Vanity Fair', The Windsor Magazine, vol.3, 1896, pp.703–14.
Ward, L., Forty Years of ‘Spy’, London, 1915.
Wood, C., Victorian Painters, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1995.