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Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery

The Arts in the later 18th Century

Room 12This large room covers a rich period in British arts. At one end of the room there are two triple portraits of leading figures of the Royal Academy, marking the creation of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1768. The two long walls are dominated by a full-length portrait of George Frideric Handel and David and Eva Maria Garrick and a full-length portrait of Sarah Siddons on the wall opposite. There are numerous self-portraits by the most famous artists of the day, including Ramsay, Gainsborough, Wright of Derby, Barry and Mary Moser.

Room introduction

33 portraits on display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery

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Alexander Pope, by John Michael Rysbrack - NPG 5854

Alexander Pope

by John Michael Rysbrack
marble bust, 1730
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5854

Allan Ramsay, by Allan Ramsay - NPG 3311

Allan Ramsay

by Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, circa 1737-1739
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3311

Isaac Ware, after Louis François Roubiliac - NPG 4982

Isaac Ware

after Louis François Roubiliac
marble bust, (circa 1741)
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4982

Joseph Wilton, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4810

Joseph Wilton

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1752
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4810

Peg Woffington, by John Lewis - NPG 5729

Peg Woffington

by John Lewis
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1753
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5729

George Frideric Handel, by Thomas Hudson - NPG 3970

George Frideric Handel

by Thomas Hudson
oil on canvas, 1756
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3970

Samuel Johnson, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1597

Samuel Johnson

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1756-1757
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1597

Horace Walpole, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 6520

Horace Walpole

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1756-1757
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6520

Johan Joseph Zoffany, by Johan Joseph Zoffany - NPG 399

Johan Joseph Zoffany

by Johan Joseph Zoffany
oil on canvas, 1761
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 399

Laurence Sterne, by Joseph Nollekens - NPG 1891

Laurence Sterne

by Joseph Nollekens
marble bust, circa 1766
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1891

David Garrick as Kitely in 'Every Man in his Humour', after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4504

David Garrick as Kitely in 'Every Man in his Humour'

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (1768)
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4504

Oliver Goldsmith, studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 130

Oliver Goldsmith

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1770 or after
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 130

Mary Moser, by George Romney - NPG 6641

Mary Moser

by George Romney
oil on canvas, circa 1770-1771
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6641

Agostino Carlini; Francesco Bartolozzi; Giovanni Battista Cipriani, by John Francis Rigaud - NPG 3186

Agostino Carlini; Francesco Bartolozzi; Giovanni Battista Cipriani

by John Francis Rigaud
oil on canvas, 1777
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3186

Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol, by Christopher Hewetson - NPG 3895

Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol

by Christopher Hewetson
marble bust, circa 1778
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3895

George Colman the Elder, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 59

George Colman the Elder

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1778
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 59

Henry Fuseli, by James Northcote - NPG 5469

Henry Fuseli

by James Northcote
oil on canvas, feigned incomplete oval, 1778
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5469

The Sharp Family, by Johan Joseph Zoffany - NPG L169

The Sharp Family

by Johan Joseph Zoffany
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L169

Charles Burney, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 3884

Charles Burney

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1781
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3884

George Stubbs, by George Stubbs - NPG 4575

George Stubbs

by George Stubbs
enamel on Wedgwood plaque, 1781
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4575

Sir William Chambers; Joseph Wilton; Sir Joshua Reynolds, by John Francis Rigaud - NPG 987

Sir William Chambers; Joseph Wilton; Sir Joshua Reynolds

by John Francis Rigaud
oil on canvas, 1782
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 987

Joseph Wright, by Joseph Wright - NPG 4090

Joseph Wright

by Joseph Wright
oil on canvas, circa 1782-1785
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4090

Frances d'Arblay ('Fanny Burney'), by Edward Francisco Burney - NPG 2634

Frances d'Arblay ('Fanny Burney')

by Edward Francisco Burney
oil on canvas, circa 1784-1785
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2634

James Boswell, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4452

James Boswell

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1785
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4452

Hester Lynch Piozzi (née Salusbury, later Mrs Thrale), by Unknown Italian artist - NPG 4942

Hester Lynch Piozzi (née Salusbury, later Mrs Thrale)

by Unknown Italian artist
oil on canvas, 1785-1786
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4942

Paul Sandby, by Sir William Beechey - NPG 1379

Paul Sandby

by Sir William Beechey
oil on canvas, circa 1789
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1379

Chevalier d'Eon, by Thomas Stewart, after  Jean Laurent Mosnier - NPG 6937

Chevalier d'Eon

by Thomas Stewart, after Jean Laurent Mosnier
oil on canvas, 1792
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6937

William Thomas Lewis as Mercutio in 'Romeo and Juliet', by Gainsborough Dupont - NPG 5148

William Thomas Lewis as Mercutio in 'Romeo and Juliet'

by Gainsborough Dupont
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1794
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5148

Wilhelm Cramer, by Thomas Hardy - NPG 6198

Wilhelm Cramer

by Thomas Hardy
oil on canvas, 1794
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6198

Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg, by Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg - NPG 2493

Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg

by Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg
oil on canvas, 1805-1810
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2493

Jonathan Miller, by Stephen Conroy - NPG 6492

Jonathan Miller

by Stephen Conroy
oil on canvas, 1999
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6492

Fiona Shaw, by Victoria Kate Russell - NPG 6609

Fiona Shaw

by Victoria Kate Russell
oil on canvas, 2001-2002
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6609

Three Royal Court Theatre Directors (Katie Mitchell; Stephen Daldry; Ian Rickson), by Justin Mortimer - NPG 6668

Three Royal Court Theatre Directors (Katie Mitchell; Stephen Daldry; Ian Rickson)

by Justin Mortimer
oil on canvas, 2004
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6668