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Room 12
The Arts in the later 18th Century

Room 12This large room covers a rich period in British arts. At one end of the room there are two triple portraits of leading figures of the Royal Academy, marking the creation of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1768. The two long walls are dominated by a full-length portrait of George Frideric Handel and David and Eva Maria Garrick and a full-length portrait of Sarah Siddons on the wall opposite. There are numerous self-portraits by the most famous artists of the day, including Ramsay, Gainsborough, Wright of Derby, Barry and Mary Moser.

Room introduction

35 portraits on display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery

List Thumbnail

4261

Nicholas Hawksmoor

after a bust attributed to Sir Henry Cheere, 1st Bt
bronze bust, 1962 (1736)
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4261

3311

Allan Ramsay

by Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, circa 1737-1739
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3311

4982

Isaac Ware

after Louis François Roubiliac
marble bust, (circa 1741)
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4982

41

Sir Joshua Reynolds

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1747-1749
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 41

2504

Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

studio of William Hoare
oil on canvas, circa 1752-1760
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2504

5729

Peg Woffington

by John Lewis
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1753
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5729

3970

George Frideric Handel

by Thomas Hudson
oil on canvas, 1756
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3970

1597

Samuel Johnson

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1756-1757
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1597

6520

Horace Walpole

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1756-1757
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6520

5019

Laurence Sterne

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1760
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5019

2354

Kitty Fisher

by Nathaniel Hone
oil on canvas, 1765
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2354

1891

Laurence Sterne

by Joseph Nollekens
marble bust, circa 1766
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1891

213

James Barry; Dominique Lefevre; James Paine the Younger

by James Barry
oil on canvas, circa 1767
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 213

2953

Robert Adam

attributed to George Willison
oil on canvas, circa 1770-1775
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2953

130

Oliver Goldsmith

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1770 or later
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 130

6641

Mary Moser

by George Romney
oil on canvas, circa 1770-1771
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6641

980

John Henderson

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1773-1775
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 980

19

Richard Cumberland

by George Romney
oil on canvas, circa 1776
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 19

3186

Agostino Carlini; Francesco Bartolozzi; Giovanni Battista Cipriani

by John Francis Rigaud
oil on canvas, 1777
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3186

3895

Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol

by Christopher Hewetson
marble bust, circa 1778
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3895

59

George Colman the Elder

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1778
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 59

5469

Henry Fuseli

by James Northcote
oil on canvas, feigned incomplete oval, 1778
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5469

4905

Portraits in the Characters of the Muses in the Temple of Apollo

by Richard Samuel
oil on canvas, exhibited 1779
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4905

5804

James Macpherson

by George Romney
oil on canvas, 1779-1780
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5804

L223

Elizabeth Craven (née Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach

by Ozias Humphry
oil on canvas, circa 1780-1783
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L223

3884

Charles Burney

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1781
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3884

4575

George Stubbs

by George Stubbs
enamel on Wedgwood plaque, 1781
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4575

987

Sir William Chambers; Joseph Wilton; Sir Joshua Reynolds

by John Francis Rigaud
oil on canvas, 1782
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 987

4452

James Boswell

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1785
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4452

4942

Hester Lynch Piozzi (née Salusbury, later Mrs Thrale)

by Unknown Italian artist
oil on canvas, 1785-1786
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4942

1379

Paul Sandby

by Sir William Beechey
oil on canvas, circa 1789
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1379

6937

Chevalier d'Eon

by Thomas Stewart, after Jean Laurent Mosnier
oil on canvas, 1792
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6937

5159

Sarah Siddons (née Kemble) ('Mrs Siddons with the Emblems of Tragedy')

by Sir William Beechey
oil on canvas, 1793
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5159

6198

Wilhelm Cramer

by Thomas Hardy
oil on canvas, 1794
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6198

2493

Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg

by Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg
oil on canvas, 1805-1810
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2493