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Room 14
Britain becomes a World Power

Room 14This large room focusses on how Britain became a world power during the 18th century. Companion portraits of George III and Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz hang either side of the entrance arch whilst at the other end of the room is the large group portrait of the Death of Chatham, on loan from Tate. Sections of the walls focus on themes: India and the East Indian Company includes portraits of Warren Hastings and Robert Clive meeting Mir Jafar; The Struggle for America includes a portrait of George Washington whilst James Cook is represented in a section on Exploration of the Pacific.

Room introductionTake a look around

See also: Room 14: miniature case

26 portraits on display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery

List Thumbnail

4005

Joseph Collet

by Amoy Chinqua
painted unfired clay statuette, 1716
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4005

6180

Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford

by Pompeo Batoni
oil on canvas, 1752-1756
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6180

4158

John Burgoyne

after Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, after 1758
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4158

5263

Robert Clive and Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey, 1757

by Francis Hayman
oil on canvas, circa 1760
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5263

4415

James Wolfe

by Joseph Wilton
plaster cast of bust, circa 1760
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4415

224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 224

223

King George III

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 223

6946

Thomas Hollis

by Joseph Wilton
marble bust, circa 1762
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6946

162

Charles Churchill

by J.S.C. Schaak
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1763-1764
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 162

124

Sir Eyre Coote

attributed to Henry Robert Morland
oil on canvas, circa 1763
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 124

5572

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1764-1765
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5572

4445

Warren Hastings

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1766-1768
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4445

6081

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

by Joseph Wilton
marble bust, circa 1766 or later
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6081

406

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1768
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 406

102

John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1774
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 102

5856

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Robert Edge Pine
oil on canvas, circa 1775
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5856

1345

Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron Le Despencer

by Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1776
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1345

L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

150

Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1780
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 150

6133

Mary Wilkes; John Wilkes

by Johann Joseph Zoffany
oil on canvas, exhibited 1782
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6133

281

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1783
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 281

172

William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, exhibited 1783
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 172

1579

Philip Affleck

by Lemuel Francis Abbott
oil on canvas, circa 1793
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1579

774

George Washington

after Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, 1797
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 774

D1361

Omai

by Johann Jacobé, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1780
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D1361

D2201

James Cook

by John Keyse Sherwin, after Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, Bt
line engraving, published 1 August 1784
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D2201