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Room 5
Charles I and Civil War

Room 5This room covers the turbulent period of Charles I's reign from 1625 to his execution in 1649, the English Civil War and Oliver Cromwell becoming Lord Protector in 1653. A large group portrait of the Capel Family hangs opposite a large portrait of Charles I probably during a war campaign, and the display includes a number of portraits by Van Dyck. At opposing ends to the room there are two miniature cases, one with miniatures and medals of Cromwell and the Parliamentarians and the other with miniatures of Charles I, courtiers and Royalists.

Room introduction

See also: Room 5: miniature case

18 portraits on display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery

List Thumbnail

6976

Anne, Countess of Pembroke (Lady Anne Clifford)

by William Larkin
oil on panel, circa 1618
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6976

2391

Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Arundel, 4th Earl of Surrey and 1st Earl of Norfolk

by Sir Peter Paul Rubens
oil on canvas, 1629
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2391

6403

King Charles II

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, 1630
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6403

1246

King Charles I

by Daniel Mytens
oil on canvas, 1631
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1246

1247

Henrietta Maria

by Unknown artist, background by Hendrik van Steenwyck
oil on canvas, circa 1635
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1247

171

William Laud

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, (circa 1636)
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 171

4531

Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford

studio of Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, circa 1636
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4531

5964

Lord George Stuart, 9th Seigneur of Aubigny

by Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, circa 1638
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5964

4759

The Capel Family

by Cornelius Johnson (Jonson or Jonson van Ceulen)
oil on canvas, circa 1640
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4759

L202

Sir Edmund Verney

by Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, circa 1640
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L202

6440

Sir Arthur Hesilrige

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1640
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6440

4519

Prince Rupert, Count Palatinate

by Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on panel, feigned oval, circa 1641-1642
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4519

5382

Richard Neville

by William Dobson
oil on canvas, circa 1643
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5382

6104

Sir Edward Nicholas

by William Dobson
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1645
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6104

4406

James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose

after Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on canvas, 1649
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4406

1961

King Charles I; Sir Edward Walker

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1650
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1961

3301

Henry Ireton

copy attributed to Robert Walker, after Samuel Cooper, and Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, circa 1650
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3301

5284

Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

by Unknown artist
lead bust, circa 1650
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5284